Yada’ Yah
Volume 7: The Last Days
...Deceit, Destruction, and Death
Chywah – Beast
The Time of the Beast...

As we continue to make our way through the seventh, eighth, and ninth chapters of Dany’el / Daniel we are confronted with a profoundly revealing presentation of history. And even that portion which now lies in our past is poised to influence our immediate future. The Beast that will haunt our future was born in Babylon. It was nurtured in Rome. It lives in its Church.

Also, as a reminder, this prophetic portrayal was written twenty-five-hundred years ago, beginning in 555 BCE. And evidence that it was inspired by Yahowah abounds. Its proof statements are irrefutable because we possess sixteen manuscripts of Dany’el, all of which predate the book’s most profound predictions.

And since context is always an essential component of understanding, before we press on, let’s consider where we have been. Thus far we have been told...

“In the first year of (ba chad shanah la) Belsha’tsar (Belsha’tsar), the king of (melek) Babel - Confusion (Babel), Dany’el (Dany’el) saw (chazah) a revealing vision (chelem) and (wa) supernatural revelations (chazuw) in his mind (re’sh) while upon his bed (‘al mishkab). Thereupon (‘adayn), in (ba) the prophetic revelation (chelem), he was prompted to write a complete copy of (katab) the things (milah) being communicated (‘amar). (7:1)

I, Dany’el (Dany’el), responded (‘anah) and then said (wa ‘amar), ‘I am able to see (hawah chazah), with my sensory perceptions, the vision (ba chazuw) during night (‘im lyly ‘a).’ And then (wa), behold, right there (‘aruw), four (‘arba’) spirits (ruwach) out of the heavens (shamaym ‘a) churning up (guwah) the approach to the Great Sea (la yam ‘a rab ‘a). (7:2)

Then four (wa ‘arba’) great beasts (rab chyuwah) were coming up out of the Sea (calaq min yam ‘a), being transformed and different (shanah) one from the other (da’ min da’). (7:3)

The first (qadmay ‘a) was similar to (ka) a lion (‘aryeh) but with (wa) wings (gaph) of (dy) an eagle (nashar) upon her (la). I kept watching (hawah chazah) while (‘ad) her wings were plucked off (marat gap). But then (wa) she was lifted up (natal) from the earth (min ‘ara’ ‘a) and (wa) upon (‘al) feet (ragal) like a human (k ‘anash), she was established and made to stand upright (quwm). Then (wa) a human (‘anash) heart and thought processes (labab) were given to her (yahab la). (7:4)

And then behold (wa ‘aruw) another (‘achoran) beast (chyuwah), a second one (tinyan), actually resembling (damah la) a bear (dob). And on one side (wa la satar chad), she was established (quwm). And (wa) three (telat) ribs (‘ala’) were in her mouth (ba pum) between her teeth (ben shen shen). And (wa) thusly (ken) they said to her (‘amar la), ‘Rise up (quwm) and devour (‘akal) an abundance (sagyi’) of human flesh (basar).’ (7:5)

At this same site (ba danah ‘atar), I kept focused and observant (hawah chazah) and then, behold (wa ‘aruw), another (‘achoran), this one resembling (ka) a leopard (namar). And upon her (wa la) were four wings (‘arba’ gaph) such as (dy) a bird (owp). They were on her back side (‘al gab gab). There were also four heads (wa ‘arba’ re’sh), all associated with this awesome beast (la chywah ‘a). And governmental dominion (wa shalatan) was imparted (yahab) to her (la). (7:6)

In this same place (ba danah ‘atar) I remained observant (hawah chazah) during the night vision (ba lyly chazuw ‘a), and right there, behold (wa ‘aruw): the fourth and final (raby’ay raby’ay) awesome and monstrous beast (chywah), the most fearsome and frightening, yet also revered and respected by some, – dazzlingly beautiful yet terrible and terrorizing, often longing for revenge (dachal), horrifying and appalling, awful and evil, dreadful and horrific, sickening and gruesome (wa ‘eymatan), yet (wa) exceedingly and preeminently (yatyr) powerful with the prodigious capacity to destroy (taqyph).

With (wa) her teeth comprised of iron (shen dy parzel la), multitudes, including the largest, most numerous and powerful (rab), she devoured, devastated, and destroyed (‘akal), crushing the remainder (daqaq sha’ar ‘a) with her feet (ba ragal) by trampling them down violently (raphats) under foot (ba ragal). But (wa) this one was different (hyi’ shanah) from all the other (min kol) beasts (chywah ‘a) which preceded her (dy qodam). And (wa) ten (‘asar) horns, indicative of leaders and nations (qeren), were upon her (la). (7:7)

I was thinking about, trying to understand (hawah sakal) the horns (ba qeren a’) and then, behold (wa ‘aluw), another and final (‘achoran) horn (qeren), a smaller one of lower status (za’eyr), came up between them and among them (celaq ben).

And three (wa talat) among (min) the initial group of horns (qadmay qeren ‘a) were de-horned (‘aqar ‘aqar) from before (qodam qodam). Then behold (wa ‘aluw), eyes (‘ayn), like the eyes of a human (ka ‘ayn ‘enash) in this unique horn (ba qeren ‘a da’) along with (wa) a mouth (pum) speaking powerfully and abundantly as an esteemed authority (malal rab). (7:8)

I continued to watch (hawah chazah) while (‘ad) those thrones (dy karatse’) were set in place (ramah).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:9)

 Then in the midst of this vivid portrayal of world history and the emergence of the Towrahless One, we are confronted by a visual representation of Yahowah as Teacher and Judge. His appearance at this point in time is due to the fact that He wants us to know that He is wholly opposed to what we are witnessing. He wants those living at this time to know that there is an alternative to politics and religion, to counterproductive military and economic schemes. During the darkest time in human history, there is light.

This Aramaic portion of Dany’el reads...

“Then (wa) the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm – the One honored as God from a previous period of time, the most respected and long enduring, used in Aramaic as a divine title or epithet) sat down (yatib – He established Himself in His position of supreme authority). His clothing (labuwsh – His garments) appeared like (ka) brilliant white snow (talag chuwr – bright and radiant), and the hair on His head (wa sa’ar re’sh) was like (ka) pure and perfect lamb’s wool (naqe’ ‘amar). His throne (karase’ – His seat of authority) was ablaze with fire (shabyb dy nuwr – flaming brilliantly, glowing warmly, and flashing radiantly as if pure energy) with a rotating structure (galgal – a wheel or spinning implement (akin to the Hebrew galal – to roll away and remove by way of trust and commitment)) gloriously glowing with radiant energy (nuwr dalaq – flaming like a furnace or crucible).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:9)

This depiction of Yahowah in heaven is identical to the way Yachezq’el / Ezekiel presents the same scene. And of particular interest is the use of galgal. Recognizing that Yahowah, while old by any standard, doesn’t need a rolling wheelchair, I sought to make sense of the term. And the most interesting clue is that it is the same word Yahowah uses to describe “galgal – rolling away” the iniquity of the Yisra’elites at the end of their forty-year sojourn through the wilderness, just as they were about to cross the Jordan and enter the Promised Land. If they had looked up from their position, they would have seen Mount Mowryah, where the round stone at the entrance of the tomb conveyed the same truth when it was rolled away after Yahowsha’s fulfillment of Pesach and Matsah. Therefore, this galgal of glorious and radiant light is symbolic of the mechanism Yahowah deploys to enable us to approach Him, making us perfect by rolling away our iniquity and surrounding us with His purifying light.

This next statement speaks of the stream of light that paves the path from our world to God’s home. It is Yah’s light, the very essence of His nature.

“A stream (nahar – a river) of fire (dy nuwr – comprised of radiant energy and light) flows forth (nagad). And (wa) it appears and comes out (napaq – emerges and flows out) from His presence (qodam). Thousands upon thousands upon thousands (‘alap ‘alap ‘alap – countless multitudes) serve Him (shamash – those of considerably lower status do as He commands, attending to His affairs) with very, very, very many (wa ribow ribow ribow) before Him (qodam). They stood (quwm – the rose) while the Judge (dyn ‘a) sat (yathib). Then (wa) the records of the Instructor (tsaphar – the archives of the Teacher) were opened (phatach – were unfurled).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:10)

Yahowah is our Instructor. His Towrah is comprised of His teaching. And He will judge those who reject it. Acknowledging the enormous value of Yahowah’s instruction is the very reason a hundred pages of historical research was compiled on Rome for your consideration. It is important that we understand why God despises Rome so that we don’t support similar political, religious, military, or economic institutions. God would not have delineated His angst without a good reason, and as it turned out, there were hundreds of them. Furthermore, Rome lives on through the Church, so it is still a menace. And the only way we can thwart its ambitions and save souls from it is to expose and condemn the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church – something that cannot be accomplished without accurate information. Also, the Beast and his schemes will be predicated on Rome. So to understand him and them, we are required to peer into the heart of the Beast.

The multitudes that are referenced in the preceding passage are “mal’ak – messengers.” They are Yahowah’s spiritual envoys who do whatever He instructs. They are typically referred to as “tsaba’ – a vast array of implements deployed in a command and control regimen.”

Noting a pattern of behavior that we’d be wise to emulate, Dany’el revealed...

“I continued to be observant (hawah chazah – I kept focused so that I might see and perceive and thus realize and understand (peal perfect)) in this regard because (ba ‘adayn min) the voice conveying (qal) the abundant (rab – the many great and vociferous) words, affairs, and decrees (milah – the discourse, decisions, and commands) of the horn (‘a dy qeren ‘a – associated with the political leader) was speaking (malal – talking).

I kept watching until I came to realize (hawah chazah ‘ad) that the monstrous beast (chywah ‘a) was slain (dy qatal – that he was executed), and the body (wa gashem – the physical body) perished (‘abad – was dead), so (wa) it was given (yahab) to (la) the fire and an offering to be consumed (yaqedah ‘esha’).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:11)

“Then with the remainder (wa sha’ar – so the rest) of the beasts (chywah ‘a), governmental dominion (shaletan – their power, authority, sovereignty, rule, and mastery) was taken away from them (‘adah – ceased and was annulled and removed from them as they were deposed from power). But (wa) an extension of life (‘arkah ba chay – a prolongation and continuation of living) was extended to them (yahab la – was given to them) until (‘ad – up to) an appointed time (zaman – an established, fixed, and set point in a particular season when something is expected to occur), and then a year’s time (wa ‘idan – a period of time, typically a year; from ‘ed / ‘ada’ – a set period in which filthy rags and stained garments are taken away, removed, and deposed).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:12)

This is consistent with what we are told in Revelation, that the Beast will be killed and then will be bodily resurrected. It’s Satan’s favorite trick, in that it is impressive physically and yet meaningless spiritually. This same death and resurrection sequence is pervasive in religious lore, including Christianity. But beyond the application toward the Towrahless One of Tribulation fame, the beastly Empire of Rome perished as well. The city was burned. But then it rose out of the ashes as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church.

When it comes to interpreting dreams, I’m way out of my comfort zone. These statements are describing specific events that will occur during the Tribulation, and therefore between 2026 and 2033. But on the surface, it appears as if the world’s political, economic, religious, and military leaders who facilitate the ascension of the Beast will be swept aside for a while, losing control, only to have it reinstated.

As for the reference to “an appointed time,” there are seven of these each year, coinciding with the seven “Mowed Miqra’ey – Invitations to be Called Out and Meet” with Yahowah. And because we are told that there will be “a year’s time” after this Appointed Time, something is going to change once this Miqra’ is celebrated again twelve months later. The fact that the next statement references the arrival of the Son of Man, since we know that He will be returning on Yowm Kippurym in year 6000 Yah (sundown on October 2, 2033), this year could well be the time between Reconciliations, which would begin on September 14th in 2032. However, a considerable amount of caution is appropriate. Verses twelve through fourteen are among those missing from the scrolls found at Qumran, so all we have to work with here is an Aramaic segment of the Masoretic Text.

You will notice, Dany’el is consistently engaged doing the thing Yahowah encourages most: being observant. It is how we learn, how we come to know, and how we develop understanding.

“I continued to closely examine and carefully consider (hawah chazah – I remained observant and kept focused so that I might see and perceive and thus realize and understand (peal perfect)) the things associated with the supernatural revelation (ba chazuw – the revelation communicating truth through sensory perceptions) during the night (lyly ‘a – during the time of darkness when there was no light between the sunset and sunrise), and then behold (wa ‘aruw – now, drawing attention to what can be seen while emphasizing the transition being described): accompanied by (‘im – in association with and within) a cloud, making a visual appearance (‘anan – a visible mass of condensed water vapor or mist; from ‘anan – to make an appearance) from the heavens (shamaym ‘a – the spiritual realm of God) , like (ka – corresponding with and similar to), the Son of Man (bar ‘anash), He was (hawah – came into existence, into being, becoming known) arriving (‘atah – coming as part of a consent agreement).

And meanwhile (‘ad), the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm a’ – the One honored as God from a previous period of time, the most respected and long enduring, used in Aramaic as a divine title or epithet) reached out (mata’ – extended Himself, approached from the source) going before His presence (qodam) presenting Him (qareb – approaching and drawing near to communicate assertively through Him).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:13)

This speaks of Yahowsha’s return, but vastly more like Yahowah than His previous visit. This final and seventh visit to Earth will occur on the Day of Reconciliations, ushering in the one-thousand year celebration of “Sukah – Camping Out with God,” whereby the entire planet will model the conditions experienced in the Garden of Eden six-thousand years ago. This depiction of His arrival is similar to His presentation to His Disciples on the Mount of Olives, when He told them that everyone around the world would see Him upon His return because He will arrive as light.

The following statement is therefore a depiction of the last one-thousand years on planet Earth.

“And to Him (wa la – so regarding His approach) was given (yahab – was bestowed and entrusted) dominion (shalatan – power, authorization, and capability), glory (wa yaqar – splendor, honor and high status), and sovereignty (malkuw – authorized royal reign). And all the people (wa kol ‘am ‘a) of the nations (‘umah a’ – social and ethnic groups) and the languages (wa lishan ‘a – linguistic forms of communication), as a symbol of His purpose (la – to approach Him, to achieve His goal, and to emphasize the goal of His relationship), serve (palach – respectfully minister, cleave by cutting and separating as if plowing and dividing with a sharp implement, bringing forth life from the womb). Absolute authorization, dominion, and authority (shalatan shalatan – capability and power) forever (‘alam – eternally) such that it will never cease (dy la’ ‘adah) and His sovereignty (malkuw – royal reign) which (dy) shall not perish (la’ chabal – shall never cease).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:14)

While this vision ends well, portions of the revelation were horrific. It was unsettling for Dany’el. He was a captive, living in the heart of the first beast to rise and fall. Human history would be red in tooth and claw.

“My Spirit (ruwach), She was troubled (karah – She was grieved (with the itpeel perfect, the Spirit is reacting totally independently of Dany’el)). As for me, Dany’el (‘anah Dany’el), inside and sheathed (ba gaw nidnah – concealed internally), the revelations (chazuw – the appearance of the visions) in my mind (re’sh – my head) were disturbing and troubling to me (bahal – were frightening, initially terrifying me).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:15)

Yahowah’s “Ruwach – Spirit” is feminine and Maternal, which is why She is addressed in this way. Yahowah’s nature mirrors the Covenant, comprised of Father, Mother, and Son. That isn’t a Trinity, but instead one individual manifesting the totality of His nature in different ways. The Spirit is “qodesh – set apart, meaning that She is a part of Yahowah set apart from Him to serve us. Likewise, the Son, Yahowsha’, is “qodesh qodesh – twice set apart.” Since Yahowah is spirit, for Him to manifest part of Himself in physical form, that manifestation has to be twice set apart.

Moving on to the disclosure itself, it’s at times like this I don’t feel quite as inept. Dany’el had a proclivity for interpreting dreams, and yet he was left questioning what he had seen. Since I admittedly don’t have that skill, and you probably don’t either, it’s nice to know that there is no shame in failing to understand every nuance of a revelation. Also, I’m reassured. My reaction to what we have witnessed thus far is the same as Dany’el’s. I find these things disturbing. I’m troubled by my fellow man’s propensity to participate in evil institutions. Why is it that the preponderance of people ally themselves with people rather than God?

At this point, Dany’el is walking up to one of Yahowah’s “mal’ak – messengers,” hoping that he will be able to explain what he has seen. And since we are introduced in the next chapter, I suspect this is Gabry’el.

“I approached (qareb ‘al – I asserted myself and came up to) a particular individual from (chad min – the first one of) those standing (quwm ‘a) so I could request from him the true and accurate meaning (wa yatsyb ‘a ba’ah min – to ask him and to learn the affirming truth with clarity and certainty) regarding all of this (‘al kol danah). And he said to me (wa ‘amar la) that the interpretation and explanation (wa pashar – the meaning) of these things (milah ‘a – of these matters, explaining what will happen, including the decisions and decrees) he would make known to me so that I would understand (yada’ – he would explain the meaning to me so that I was informed and perceptive).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:16)

Typically, we do not need to rely on mal’ak. Yahowah is a brilliant, consistent, and competent communicator. When we “shamar towrah – closely examine His guidance and carefully consider His teaching” we move readily from knowing to understanding. But this is different. Unlike most of Yahowah’s testimony, even His prophetic revelations, the text on Dany’el is more matter of fact. There are fewer enlightening and inspirational themes being presented and explored. This is mostly a chronology of history. It is the what and when not the how or why.

Quite frankly, it’s why my commentary has been so deficient. All I can do to help at this point is to share relevant history.

“‘These mighty beasts (‘ilyn chywah ‘a rab ‘a – these powerful and awesome monsters) are four in number, representing four (dy ‘inuwn ‘arba’ ‘arba’) kings / kingdoms (melek), which will arise (quwm) from the earth (min ‘ara’ ‘a).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:17)

You’ll note here that the spiritual messenger standing before Yahowah quickly dismisses the leaders of men to address the followers of God. The former are short-lived and worthless while the latter are eternal and enriched.

“But the Set-Apart Ones (wa qadysh – the uniquely separated and pure who possess divine attributes), they will receive (qabal – they will be honored and rule (the pael imperfect reveals that the Set-Apart Ones will be brought to this place and will remain throughout time)) the kingdom (malkuw – sovereign power and the ability to reign as kings) of the Most High (‘elyown – of God). And they will inherit royal authority and own the kingdom (chacan malkuw ‘a – they will take possession of and reign, having sovereign power and authority) throughout eternity, a duration of time that is forever and ever (‘ad ‘alam wa ‘ad ‘alam ‘alam ‘a).’” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:18)

There are many benefits associated with becoming part of Yahowah’s Covenant family. And one of them is becoming royalty. There is no one higher than the Most High, so as His children, our inheritance is His kingdom. And His kingdom just so happens to be the universe.

While the most important Set-Apart Ones are the Set-Apart Spirit and the Most Set Apart, Yahowsha’, since they are one with Yahowah, literally part of Him, this reference is to those who have set themselves apart from the world, from the Beasts, and unto Yahowah, engaging in His Covenant as His children.

For further clarification, Yahowah revealed the identity of His “Set-Apart Ones” in His Towrah. In Shemowth / Names / Exodus 19:4-6, specifically addressing ha beyth Ya’aqobthe family of Ya’aqob” and ha ben Yisra’elthe children who individually engage and endure with God,” the Almighty revealed: “So now then, if you will actually listen to My voice and observe My Covenant, among all the people on earth, which belongs to Me, you shall uniquely be Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests who minister and a set-apart family and nation.” So let there be no mistake, the qadysh are neither “saints” nor “Christians,” but instead “members of Ya’aqob’s extended family, children who individually have chosen to engage and endure with God, those who have decided to listen to Yahowah’s voice and observe the terms and conditions of His Covenant.” As Yahowah’s children, we have received all of the benefits associated with the Covenant. Yahowah has made us immortal and perfect sons and daughters of God, enriched and empowered heirs to all that is His to give. And that is why the Almighty’s set-apart ones inherit His Kingdom and are entrusted with royal authority.

However, while the rise and fall of earthy kingdoms is meaningless from the perspective on an eternal being, we mortals cannot help but be fascinated by the individuals and institutions which shape the human experience – even when they are deceitful, destructive, deadly, and damning. Such was the case with Yahowah’s visionary.

“Then, therefore (‘adayn), I wanted (tsabah – I desired) to be certain (la yatsab) regarding (‘al) the fourth (raby’ay ‘a) monstrous beast (chywah) which was different and changed (dy hawah shanah) from all of the others (min kol kol), awesomely beautiful and yet hideously terrifying (yatyr dachal – exceptionally creepy and extraordinarily terrorizing, invoking both preeminent reverence and extreme fear similar to a venomous snake) with imposing teeth (shen shen) akin to iron (dy parzel – which appear invincible) and claws (wa taphar – nails which are instruments of destruction) of bronze (nachash – comprised of a composite reddish metal), it devoured (‘akal – it devastated and consumed), crushing (daqaq – smashing and pulverizing) the rest (sha’ar), violently trampling (raphac – destroying and ruining) with its paws (ba ragal – with its feet).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:19)

While there were some similarities, Rome was different than Babylon. Both were overtly religious. Both were arrogant and vicious. Both enslaved the Chosen People. Both destroyed the Temple. Both live on, continuing to influence the world in horrible ways. But where they differ is that while Babylon was the birthplace of religion, Rome cleverly modified and then institutionalized Babylon’s lies, distributing the resulting deception around the world. One was deadly in a very small sliver of the world for a very short period of time, while the other is “catholic” from the Latin catholicus and Greek katholikos, meaning “universal.” One deceived and damned millions, the other billions.

“And also (wa) concerning (‘al) were the ten horns (‘asar qeren ‘a) which were on its head (dy ba re’sh), and then another in the end (wa ‘achoran – also a different one that came later in time) which grew (dy calaq – which came up). And then (wa) the three (talat) which fell, falling away right before its presence (naphal wa naphal min qodam qodam). And this one horn had eyes and a mouth (wa qeren ‘a diken wa la wa peh) to speak profusely (malal rab – to converse powerfully, using many large and great words). Its appearance (wa chazuw) was greater (rab – more powerful and far reaching, claiming a higher status) than its companions (min chabrah – than the others).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:20)

There is only one rational reason for repeating this: Yahowah wanted us to pay especially close attention to these clues. They will shape our future. They identify and describe the most menacing and deceitful individual in human history.

“I continued looking (hawah chazah – I remained observant and kept focused so that I might see and perceive and thus realize and understand (peal perfect)), and this horn (wa qeren a’ diken) was engaged in war (‘abad qarab – carried out battles) against (‘im) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh – the uniquely separated and pure who possess divine attributes) and prevailing over them (wa yakil la – and overpowering and overwhelming them, subduing them) until (‘ad dy – so then that is why) the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm a’ – the One honored as God from a previous period of time, the most respected and long enduring, used in Aramaic as a divine title or epithet) arrived (‘atah – came).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:21-22)

Ha Satan cannot effectively fight God. But for the short while that he is allowed, he can make life difficult for Yahowah’s children. And so with the most mature member of the Covenant being just three and a half years old at the midway point of the Tribulation, when all restraints are removed, it will be a rough time. But the war will only last another three and a half years. Yahowah, the Ancient of Days, will arrive as promised, reaffirming His Covenant relationship with His children on Yowm Kippurym in 6000 Yah – October 2nd, 2033 as the sun sets on legacy of Rome.

Christians are prone to believe that they will be celebrating the glorious second coming of Jesus Christ. They are unaware that it is Yahowah who is returning, and it isn’t for them. He is coming not as Savior, but as Judge. Those who are found Towrahless will be rejected by its Author.

“And then (wa) He rendered and executed (yahab – He delivered) the judgment (dyn ‘a – the administration of justice to determine who is punished and who is exonerated) in favor or and on behalf of (la) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh – the uniquely separated and pure who possess divine attributes) of the Most High (‘elyown – of the Almighty).

And at the specific appointed time (wa zaman ‘a – the set and established time in the appropriate season), He approached, reached out, and issued His decree (matsa’ – He extended Himself from His source and came into their presence for the express purpose of association and relationship, finding and acquiring them, making them secure, causing this to occur as previously stated) so that (wa) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh – the uniquely separated and pure who possess divine attributes) inherited (chacan – exercised royal authority over and took possession of, reigning over) the kingdom (malkuw).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:22)

This day is etched in stone. The inheritance associated with the Covenant will be affirmed at the moment the relationship is reconciled with Yisra’el and Yahuwdah – the Set-Apart Ones. And that will occur right on schedule on the Day of Reconciliations in Year 6000 Yah. It is described in Zakaryah and Yirmayah.

“‘Therefore,’ he said (‘amar), ‘The fourth (raby’ay ‘a) beast (chywah ‘a – awesome and terrifying monster), which represents the fourth of the four kingdoms (raby’ay ‘a raby’ay ‘a malkuw) to arise (hawah) in the world (ba ‘ara’ ‘a), which will be different from (dy shanah min) all the other kingdoms (kol malkuw ‘a), will devour, devastating (‘akal – it shall consume, feeding upon and corrupting) the entire world (kol ‘ara’ ‘a), and will trample it down, destroying (wa duwsh – will tread upon it, ruining) and then crushing it (daqaq – breaking and smashing).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:23)

As we discovered in the previous chapter, the Roman Empire reached its zenith circa 117 CE, an interesting date, because it means that forty-seven years after Rome razed Yah’s Temple in 70 CE and eighteen years before Roman legions utterly destroyed the Land in 135 CE, they began a decline that could not be arrested. But at its greatest extent, while large, this Beast wasn’t nearly as pervasive as some may think. It stretched around the perimeter of the Mediterranean, barely fifty miles wide along the northern African coast. The thin southern rim of the Empire extended from northeastern Morocco and extreme northern portion of Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya into the northwestern third of modern Egypt. It included most all of Israel and Lebanon, neither of which were very large, most of Syria and Turkey, but only a sliver of extreme northern Iraq and none of Iran. Moving west it ranged from Romania and Bulgaria through the Balkans including Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, and southeastern Britain, also incorporating portions of Belgium, the Netherlands, and southern and western Germany. So while that’s much larger than Babylonia or Persia, it’s hardly worldwide. And while it reached much further north and west, it wasn’t much larger than Alexander the Great’s conquests, which pushed east from Macedonia through Bulgaria, Turkey, Syria, Israel, Egypt, Iraq, Iran, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and into India. Therefore, for the fourth beast to “devour, devastate, trample down, destroying and crushing” “the entire world,” Yahowah’s messenger had to be describing the Beast that that will emerge from Rome to devastate the entire world. And for that, there is but one candidate: Pauline Christianity and the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church.

Rome’s opposition to Yahowah’s Name, Towrah, Covenant, People, and Land developed in phases. Like the myth of Romulus, it began interestingly enough as a result of a wolf – this one masquerading in sheep’s clothing. But before we analyze the root cause of Roman animosity toward God, and then consider how that opposition was developed in Christianity, let’s complete our review of Dany’el 7.

As was the case with the previous explanation, this next statement reveals that the Towrahless One of the Tribulation during the last days will emerge from the worldwide influence of Rome.

“Regarding the ten horns (wa qeren ‘a ‘asar), out of this kingdom (min malkuw – from this sovereign power) the kings (‘asar melek) will arise (quwm – will be established), and then much later another (wa ‘achoran – then at the end, during the final days, someone else) will take his stand (quwm – he will rise up, establishing himself) at the end (‘achary – much later, during the last and final days). And he (wa huw’) will be different (shanah) from the previous ones (qadmay ‘a – the initial and earlier ones), so then (wa) humbling (shaphal – lowering the status of in relation to himself, thereby subduing) three kings (tahath kings – three government rulers).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:24)

This affirms our previous conclusions. Out of the Roman Empire, nations will arise. Then in the end, the Tribulation’s Torahless One will emerge. And as the personification of the Adversary, he will be different. Opposing Yahowah, His Towrah, Covenant, Invitations, and his people will be his primary mission. And not surprisingly, he will belittle those who promoted him.

“And his decisions, decrees, and commands (wa milah – his endeavors, issues, and affairs, his words and deeds), accordingly (la), will be in slight conflict with and in subtle opposition to (tsad – will be against, approximating and laid beside, even adjacent to, the way a snake slithers, creeping up beside its prey) the Most High God’s (‘ilay ‘a ‘ilay ‘a – the Almighty, God’s) statements (malal – way of speaking and content, public proclamations and conversations).

And regarding (wa la) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh – the uniquely separated and pure who possess divine attributes) of the Most High (‘elyown – of the Almighty), he will oppress and persecute them, trying to make them appear obsolete (balah – he will focus upon and torment them, wearing them down (using the peal imperfect, the beast is attempting to bring about a changed state which will be ongoing)) while (wa) he strives, attempting (cabar – he aspires, intending (peal imperfect)) to change (shanah – to alter through defiance, creating a different (in the hafel, the beast in attempting to make what follows its understudy, responding to it)) the appointed times (zaman a – the set and established times in the appropriate season when something important occurs) and the Towrah (wa dath – the written edicts and authorized decrees).

And he will place them under his authority (wa yahab ba yad – he will provide them, laying the foundation for them with his empowered and controlling hand (the hitpeel stem reveals that this contrarian ruler will act with respect to himself)) for a time, times, and half a time (‘ad ‘idan ‘idanyn wa palag ‘idan – up to and until three and one half years (corrected to reflect 4QDan from the DSS)).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:25)

This begins with expected surprise. Those who understand Satan’s motivations and style, realize that he prevails through clever counterfeits, not by creative ingenuity. Counterfeit is worthless, even illegal, and yet the best counterfeits are extraordinarily similar to the genuine article. So his decrees will differ only so slightly from Yahowah’s, recognizing that the closer they are to the truth, the more his pontifications will appear divine. After all, he wants the most people possible to believe that he is God. As a result, expect religious edicts similar to Christianity, where Divine strokes are out of focus, errantly positioned, truncated, and elongated. Don’t expect Islam, where nothing is similar.

I suggested that his will be a surprise because most Christians and Muslims, collectively representing more than half of humanity, have been misled into believing that Devil worship includes Satanic rituals, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. The last thing Satan wants is to be seen as the Adversary. He wants to be worshiped as the Most High.

Paul’s letters position those who are Towrah observant as being obsolete. And he speaks so damning of them, his epistles have caused the Covenant’s children to be persecuted by the Christian Church. Likewise, Pauline Doctrine nullifies all of Yahowah’s meeting times, negating, even vilifying the seven Invitations and the Sabbath. And with Yahowah’s Appointed Times discounted, Christians had no issue replacing them with pagan alternatives. So in this way, the Towrahless One of the Tribulation will mirror what we have already witnessed in Paul. The “Antichrist” will be a Christian. The religion that was born out of a disdain for the Towrah will die as it was conceived.

Dath is an Aramaic word. It draws its meaning from Persian culture. And yet the Dictionary of Biblical Languages – Aramaic attests that dath represents “the body of writing known today as Torah.” Additionally, the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament reveals that dath “overlaps the use of towrah, mitswah, mishpat, and choq in Hebrew” when it “appears in the Aramaic sections of Ezrah and Daniel.”

Addressing the correlation between these concepts, in the longest of the Psalms, the 119th Mizmowr, Dowd (David) systematically explained how to properly observe Yahowah’s Towrah by drawing our attention to His “mitswah – conditions of the covenant,” “mishpat – means to justly resolve disputes,” and “choq – inscribed instructions which cut us into the relationship.” From the Psalm’s perspective as well as from Yahowah’s, these eternal and unchanging precepts form the basis of His Towrah Teaching. If you are interesting in this Psalm, the greatest ever written, you’ll find its insights presented for your consideration at: http://anintroductiontogod.com/An_Introduction_to_God-03-Volume_3-Part_3-Towrah-His_Teaching-%28Psalms%29.Torah.

So once again, we have been told that the Adversary will be just like the most infamous Roman citizen of all time, a man known as Paul, based upon having chosen the Latin name Paulos, the founder of the Christian religion and author of half of the religion’s “New Testament.” He will not only be in opposition to the Towrah and its Appointed Times to Meet with God, calling them outdated, he will offer his alternatives. He will harass Yahowah’s Set-Apart Ones, just as Paul attacked Yahowsha’s Disciples. The testimony, actions, ambitions, claims, and strategy of these men will be indistinguishable. If you want to know how this Beast will act and what he will say, read Paul’s letter to the Galatians (which was part of Macedonia) followed by his ode on behalf of the Romans – Paul’s tribute to this monster. Equally revealing, Dany’el has already identified this horn as “lowly and little,” which is what Paulos means in Latin.

That is not to say that the Tribulation’s Beast is Paul, but instead that he will be uncannily similar to him. Like Paul, the Beast will be a wolf in sheep’s clothing, pretending to be godly while actually being adversarial. This will be particularly beguiling for Christians because they will be expecting an “Antichrist,” and yet this fellow will be one of them.

The concluding part of this verse, “time, times, and half a time” is three and a half years. This means that the Beast will only be allowed to implement his contrarian agenda unencumbered during the second half of the Tribulation.

The second half of the Tribulation will be unlike any other period of human history. It appears that Yahowah is going to allow Satan and his ilk much greater autonomy. While Yahowah never manipulates the Adversary, He has established limits, some of which may be temporarily withdrawn. I suspect that this is because the six-thousand year human experience outside of the protection of the Garden is drawing to a close and God wants everyone still living on Earth to decide if they want to ally with man or God. So just like Satan was given access to Eden and its inhabitants, and allowed to convolute Yahowah’s message, we are going to witness the same process play out twice more.

During this three and one half years, and again at the conclusion of the Millennial Shabat, mortal men and women will be afforded one last opportunity to choose to participate in the Covenant in accordance with its terms or reject it, preferring the options endorsed by the Adversary. The option cannot linger forever. Just as Adam and Chawah could not come and go from the Garden of Eden, the Millennial Shabat will not have a revolving door. Similarly, since eternity is forever, there will be no opting out once Yahowah destroys the existing universe and creates a new one, so God has to be assured that every living soul has made their final decision.

“And then (wa) the Judge will sit and execute judgment (dyn ‘a yatib – the issue will be settled justly) and mastery and power (wa shalatan – authority and dominion) will be taken away from him (‘adah – will be removed and annulled, deposing him) to the extent that they are completely eradicated (la shamad – cease entirely) and perish (wa la ‘abad – annihilated, ceasing to exist) to the end of time (‘ad coph ‘a – until the furthermost boundary in space and time).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:26)

The Beast and his associates, mortal and immortal, will fail. Their ability to oppose Yahowah will be terminated. From one moment to the next, the most powerful influence on Earth will be neutered. All traces of designs – religious, political, economic, and militaristic – will be swept away and eradicated. Once everyone has been afforded the opportunity to evaluate his or her options, it will be time to move on. The Earth will be transformed into the conditions experienced during the Garden of Eden and will be populated by the mortals who chose Yahowah during the last days.

“And the whole kingdom (malkuw ‘a – sovereign power), the entire realm (shalatan ‘a – dominion), and the highest status (rabuw a’ – great power and position) of the governing bodies (dy malkuw – kingdoms and governments) under the entirety (tachath kol) of the heavens (shamayn – sky, universe, and spiritual realm) will be given (yahab – entrusted) to a family (‘am – a people) Set Apart (qadysh – the uniquely separated and pure who possess the divine attributes) of the Most High (‘elyown – of the Almighty). His kingdom and sovereign power (malkuw – His realm and His reign) is a kingdom, power, and reign (malkuw – dominion and sovereignty) which is forever and eternal (‘alam – which is always enduring). And all (wa kol) of the governments (shalatan ‘a – authorized realms), to approach Him (la), they will serve (palah – they will plow the fields, preparing them for planting, burying the weeds while enhancing the ground, separating and dividing with a sharp implement to bring life forth from the womb (peal imperfect)) and they will listen (shama’ – hear, comprehend, and understand (scribed in the hitpaal imperfect, this reveals that the Set-Apart family will consistently listen of their own volition to the Most High and that by hearing and comprehending what the Almighty has to say, they will always be effective coworkers)).’” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:27)

This is a depiction of the Millennial Shabat, the one-thousand year celebration of Sukah where we as God’s children get to campout with our Father. At this moment, everyone on Earth will be part of the Covenant. And yet, in the one family there will be three or four distinctions among our brothers and sisters. Those of us who accepted the conditions of the Covenant and who ceased being mortals prior to Yahowah’s return will remain spiritual beings. Those who were adopted into the family will be free to explore the existing universe. Those who were naturally born Yahuwdym will be assigned as administrators, governing the Earth through the one-thousand years in accordance with Yahowah’s Towrah. Then, addressing the mortals who witnessed Yahowah’s return, the Yisra’elites will be resettled in their originally allocated portion of the Promised Land based upon whom they are descended. Gentiles will populate the rest of the Earth, all of which will be perfect.

“Here, at this time (‘ad kah), was the conclusion (cowph a’ – the end) of this communication (dy milah a’ – of this characterization of the word, this matter and affair). As for me (‘anah), Dany’el (Dany’el – God Judges and Vindicates), I thought about everything, contemplating and reasoning to the greatest extent possible (sagyi’ rayown – I focused intently, using all my cognitive capabilities). I was alarmed and dismayed (bahal – I was overwhelmed, a bit frightened, and anguished).

And then (wa) the dazzling brightness and splendor (zyw – the shining appearance) changed (shanah – was different) around me (‘al), and the characterization of the word (milah ‘a – the communication of the matter), I kept all of the information (natar – I preserved and maintained, observing the totality of the circumstances (peal perfect)) in my heart (ba labab – incorporated and integrated inside of me).” (Dany’el / God Judges and Vindicates / Daniel 7:28)

This is a wonderful contrast and perfect summation of what we have witnessed. The vision of human influence was dismaying, even anguishing. But the characterization of the Word was dazzling and brilliant.

Before we proceed, let’s review where we have been.

“In the first year of (ba chad shanah la) Belsha’tsar (Belsha’tsar), the king of (melek) Babel - Confusion (Babel), Dany’el (Dany’el) saw (chazah) a revealing vision (chelem) and (wa) supernatural revelations (chazuw) in his mind (re’sh) while upon his bed (‘al mishkab). Thereupon (‘adayn), in (ba) the prophetic revelation (chelem), he was prompted to write a complete copy of (katab) the things (milah) being communicated (‘amar). (7:1)

I, Dany’el (Dany’el), responded (‘anah) and then said (wa ‘amar), ‘I am able to see (hawah chazah), with my sensory perceptions, the vision (ba chazuw) during night (‘im lyly ‘a).’ And then (wa), behold, right there (‘aruw), four (‘arba’) spirits (ruwach) out of the heavens (shamaym ‘a) churning up (guwah) the approach to the Great Sea (la yam ‘a rab ‘a). (7:2) Then four (wa ‘arba’) great beasts (rab chyuwah) were coming up out of the Sea (calaq min yam ‘a), being transformed and different (shanah) one from the other (da’ min da’). (7:3)

The first (qadmay ‘a) was similar to (ka) a lion (‘aryeh) but with (wa) wings (gaph) of (dy) an eagle (nashar) upon her (la). I kept watching (hawah chazah) while (‘ad) her wings were plucked off (marat gap). But then (wa) she was lifted up (natal) from the earth (min ‘ara’ ‘a) and (wa) upon (‘al) feet (ragal) like a human (k ‘anash), she was established and made to stand upright (quwm). Then (wa) a human (‘anash) heart and thought processes (labab) were given to her (yahab la). (7:4)

And then behold (wa ‘aruw) another (‘achoran) beast (chyuwah), a second one (tinyan), actually resembling (damah la) a bear (dob). And on one side (wa la satar chad), she was established (quwm). And (wa) three (telat) ribs (‘ala’) were in her mouth (ba pum) between her teeth (ben shen shen). And (wa) thusly (ken) they said to her (‘amar la), ‘Rise up (quwm) and devour (‘akal) an abundance (sagyi’) of human flesh (basar).’ (7:5)

At this same site (ba danah ‘atar), I kept focused and observant (hawah chazah) and then, behold (wa ‘aruw), another (‘achoran), this one resembling (ka) a leopard (namar). And upon her (wa la) were four wings (‘arba’ gaph) such as (dy) a bird (owp). They were on her back side (‘al gab gab). There were also four heads (wa ‘arba’ re’sh), all associated with this awesome beast (la chywah ‘a). And governmental dominion (wa shalatan) was imparted (yahab) to her (la). (7:6)

In this same place (ba danah ‘atar) I remained observant (hawah chazah) during the night vision (ba lyly chazuw ‘a), and right there, behold (wa ‘aruw): the fourth and final (raby’ay raby’ay) awesome and monstrous beast (chywah), the most fearsome and frightening, yet also revered and respected by some, dazzlingly beautiful yet terrible and terrorizing, often longing for revenge (dachal), horrifying and appalling, awful and evil, dreadful and horrific, sickening and gruesome (wa ‘eymatan), yet (wa) exceedingly and preeminently (yatyr) powerful with the prodigious capacity to destroy (taqyph).

With (wa) her teeth comprised of iron (shen dy parzel la), multitudes, including the largest, most numerous and powerful (rab), she devoured, devastated, and destroyed (‘akal), crushing the remainder (daqaq sha’ar ‘a) with her feet (ba ragal) by trampling them down violently (raphats) under foot (ba ragal). But (wa) this one was different (hyi’ shanah) from all the other (min kol) beasts (chywah ‘a) which preceded her (dy qodam). And (wa) ten (‘asar) horns, indicative of leaders and nations (qeren), were upon her (la). (7:7)

I was thinking about, trying to understand (hawah sakal) the horns (ba qeren a’) and then, behold (wa ‘aluw), another and final (‘achoran) horn (qeren), a smaller one of lower status (za’eyr), came up between them and among them (celaq ben). And three (wa talat) among (min) the initial group of horns (qadmay qeren ‘a) were de-horned (‘aqar ‘aqar) from before (qodam qodam). Then behold (wa ‘aluw), eyes (‘ayn), like the eyes of a human (ka ‘ayn ‘enash) in this unique horn (ba qeren ‘a da’) along with (wa) a mouth (pum) speaking powerfully and abundantly as an esteemed authority (malal rab). (7:8) I continued to watch (hawah chazah) while (‘ad) those thrones (dy karatse’) were set in place (ramah).” (Dany’el 7:9)

“Then (wa) the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm) sat down (yatib). His clothing (labuwsh) appeared like (ka) brilliant white snow (talag chuwr), and the hair on His head (wa sa’ar re’sh) was like (ka) pure and perfect lamb’s wool (naqe’ ‘amar). His throne (karase’) was ablaze (shabyb dy nuwr) with a rotating structure (galgal) gloriously glowing with radiant energy (nuwr dalaq). (7:9) A stream (nahar) of fire (dy nuwr) flows forth (nagad). And (wa) it appears and comes out (napaq) from His presence (qodam). Thousands upon thousands upon thousands (‘alap ‘alap ‘alap) serve Him, attending to His affairs (shamash), with very, very, very many (wa ribow ribow ribow) before Him (qodam). They stood (quwm) while the Judge (dyn ‘a) sat (yathib). Then (wa) the records of the Instructor (tsaphar) were opened (phatach). (7:10)

I continued to be observant (hawah chazah) in this regard because (ba ‘adayn min) the voice conveying (qal) the abundant (rab) words, affairs, and decrees (milah) of the horn (‘a dy qeren ‘a) was speaking (malal). I kept watching until I came to realize (hawah chazah ‘ad) that the monstrous beast (chywah ‘a) was slain (dy qatal), and the body (wa gashem) perished (‘abad), so (wa) it was given (yahab) to (la) the fire and an offering to be consumed (yaqedah ‘esha’). (7:11) Then with the remainder (wa sha’ar) of the beasts (chywah ‘a), governmental dominion (shaletan) was taken away from them (‘adah). But (wa) an extension of life (‘arkah ba chay) was extended to them (yahab la) until (‘ad) an appointed time (zaman), and then a year’s time (wa ‘idan). (7:12)

I continued to closely examine and carefully consider (hawah chazah) the things associated with the supernatural revelation (ba chazuw) during the night (lyly ‘a), and then behold (wa ‘aruw): accompanied by (‘im) a cloud, making a visual appearance (‘anan) from the heavens (shamaym ‘a), like (ka), the Son of Man (bar ‘anash), He was (hawah) arriving (‘atah).

And meanwhile (‘ad), the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm a’) reached out (mata’) going before His presence (qodam) presenting Him (qareb). (7:13) And to Him (wa la) was given (yahab) dominion (shalatan), glory (wa yaqar), and sovereignty (malkuw). And all the people (wa kol ‘am ‘a) of the nations (‘umah a’) and the languages (wa lishan ‘a), as a symbol of His purpose (la), serve (palach). Absolute authorization, dominion, and authority (shalatan shalatan) forever (‘alam) such that it will never cease (dy la’ ‘adah) and His sovereignty (malkuw) which (dy) shall not perish (la’ chabal). (7:14)

My Spirit (ruwach), She was troubled (karah). As for me, Dany’el (‘anah Dany’el), inside and sheathed (ba gaw nidnah), the revelations (chazuw) in my mind (re’sh) were disturbing and troubling to me (bahal). (7:15) I approached (qareb ‘al) a particular individual from (chad min) those standing (quwm ‘a) so I could request from him the true and accurate meaning (wa yatsyb ‘a ba’ah min) regarding all of this (‘al kol danah). And he said to me (wa ‘amar la) that the interpretation and explanation (wa pashar) of these things (milah ‘a) he would make known to me so that I would understand (yada’). (7:16)

‘These mighty beasts (‘ilyn chywah ‘a rab ‘a) are four in number, representing four (dy ‘inuwn ‘arba’ ‘arba’) kings / kingdoms (melek), which will arise (quwm) from the earth (min ‘ara’ ‘a). (7:17) But the Set-Apart Ones (wa qadysh), they will receive (qabal) the kingdom (malkuw) of the Most High (‘elyown). And they will inherit royal authority and own the kingdom (chacan malkuw ‘a) throughout eternity, a duration of time that is forever and ever (‘ad ‘alam wa ‘ad ‘alam ‘alam ‘a).’ (7:18)

Then, therefore (‘adayn), I wanted (tsabah) to be certain (la yatsab) regarding (‘al) the fourth (raby’ay ‘a) monstrous beast (chywah) which was different and changed (dy hawah shanah) from all of the others (min kol kol), awesomely beautiful and yet hideously terrifying (yatyr dachal) with imposing teeth (shen shen) akin to iron (dy parzel) and claws (wa taphar) of bronze (nachash), it devoured (‘akal), crushing (daqaq) the rest (sha’ar), violently trampling (raphac) with its paws (ba ragal). (7:19)

And also (wa) concerning (‘al) were the ten horns (‘asar qeren ‘a) which were on its head (dy ba re’sh), and then another in the end (wa ‘achoran) which grew (dy calaq). And then (wa) the three (talat) which fell, falling away right before its presence (naphal wa naphal min qodam qodam). And this one horn had eyes and a mouth (wa qeren ‘a diken wa la wa peh) to speak profusely (malal rab). Its appearance (wa chazuw) was greater (rab) than its companions (min chabrah). (7:20)

I continued looking (hawah chazah), and this horn (wa qeren a’ diken) was engaged in war (‘abad qarab) against (‘im) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) and prevailing over them (wa yakil la) until (‘ad dy) the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm a’) arrived (‘atah). (7:21) And then (wa) He rendered and executed (yahab) the judgment (dyn ‘a) in favor or and on behalf of (la) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) of the Most High (‘elyown). And at the specific appointed time (wa zaman ‘a), He approached, reached out, and issued His decree (matsa’) so that (wa) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) inherited (chacan) the kingdom (malkuw). (7:22)

‘Therefore,’ he said (‘amar), ‘The fourth (raby’ay ‘a) beast (chywah ‘a), which represents the fourth of the four kingdoms (raby’ay ‘a raby’ay ‘a malkuw) to arise (hawah) in the world (ba ‘ara’ ‘a), which will be different from (dy shanah min) all the other kingdoms (kol malkuw ‘a), will devour, devastating (‘akal) the entire world (kol ‘ara’ ‘a), and will trample it down, destroying (wa duwsh) and then crushing it (daqaq). (7:23)

Regarding the ten horns (wa qeren ‘a ‘asar), out of this kingdom (min malkuw) the kings (‘asar melek) will arise (quwm), and then much later another (wa ‘achoran) will take his stand (quwm) at the end (‘achary). And he (wa huw’) will be different (shanah) from the previous ones (qadmay ‘a), so then (wa) humbling (shaphal) three kings (tahath kings). (7:24) And his decisions, decrees, and commands (wa milah), accordingly (la), will be in slight conflict with and in subtle opposition to (tsad) the Most High God’s (‘ilay ‘a ‘ilay ‘a) statements (malal).

And regarding (wa la) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) of the Most High (‘elyown), he will oppress and persecute them, trying to make them appear obsolete (balah) while (wa) he strives, attempting (cabar) to change (shanah) the appointed times (zaman a) and the Towrah (wa dath). And he will place them under his authority (wa yahab ba yad) for a time, times, and half a time (‘ad ‘idan ‘idanyn wa palag ‘idan). (7:25)

And then (wa) the Judge will sit and execute judgment (dyn ‘a yatib) and mastery and power (wa shalatan) will be taken away from him (‘adah) to the extent that they are completely eradicated (la shamad) and perish (wa la ‘abad) to the end of time (‘ad coph ‘a). (7:26) And the whole kingdom (malkuw ‘a), the entire realm (shalatan ‘a), and the highest status (rabuw a’) of the governing bodies (dy malkuw) under the entirety (tachath kol) of the heavens (shamayn) will be given (yahab) to a family (‘am) Set Apart (qadysh) of the Most High (‘elyown). His kingdom and sovereign power (malkuw) is a kingdom, power, and reign (malkuw) which is forever and eternal (‘alam). And all (wa kol) of the governments (shalatan ‘a), to approach Him (la), they will serve (palah) and they will listen (shama’).’ (7:27)

Here, at this time (‘ad kah), was the conclusion (cowph a’) of this communication (dy milah a’). As for me (‘anah), Dany’el (Dany’el), I thought about everything, contemplating and reasoning to the greatest extent possible (sagyi’ rayown). I was alarmed and dismayed (bahal). And then (wa) the dazzling brightness and splendor (zyw) changed (shanah) around me (‘al), and the characterization of the word (milah ‘a) I kept all of the information (natar) in my heart (ba labab).” (Dany’el 7:28)

Now that we know that Rome was and remains the most abominable beast in human history, and now that we realize that the Beast of the Tribulation will embody its character, if I were to ask you to name the most influential Roman of all time, would you answer, “Paul,” the founder of the Christian religion and author of half of the New Testament?

Sure, Constantine and Theodosius were Roman and influential, and while one codified Christianity at the Counsel of Nicaea and the other imposed it on everyone, they merely advanced the religion Paul conceived. And the only other individual to garner billions of followers was Muhammad, and he was not Roman.

Paul was not only Roman by his own admission, his words have persuaded many times more people than the second most influential individual, Muhammad. And for those who believe “Jesus Christ” has had more followers, I’d challenge you to find a single Christian who knows His name and title, who is Torah observant, who knows that there is only one Covenant, and who attends the seven Invitations, as He did.

The fact is, it is not even close. Sha’uwl of Tarsus, a Roman citizen who chose the Latin name “Paulos,” has influenced more people than anyone who has ever lived. And his message was not overtly opposed to Yahowah, Yahowsha’, the Torah, the Covenant, and the seven Invitations, his most acclaimed book is Romans, and in it he urges those he has beguiled to submit to Rome’s authority. Moreover, every attribute that has been deployed to describe the Beast of the Tribulation is applicable to Paul. They exhibit the same character and inspiration.

Sha’uwl of Tarsus made his official transformation to Paulos of Rome in connection with a trip to Yaruwshalaim which was against the advice of a “prophet” he had met along the way. His disciples were concerned. So they warned him and then came up with a harebrained scheme.

“And they said to him, ‘You see, brother, how ten thousands there are among the Jews [Yahuwdym] of those who have believed [recognize and follow Yahowsha’], and they are all zealous for the Law [Torah]. (Acts 21:20) And they have been told about you, that you are teaching all the Jews [Yahuwdym] who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses [the Torah], telling them not to circumcise their children, nor to walk according to the customs [practice Judaism].” (Acts 21:21) Since none of this is inspired by God, I’ve elected to quote from the New American Standard Bible. I’ve placed their own footnoted corrections to their text within the citations while bracketing mine so that there is no confusion.

That said, it is interesting to note that observing the Torah was expressly distinguished from practicing Judaism. This is one of countless proofs that Paul’s animosity was directed at the books of Moshe – better known as the “Torah.” It is also telling that Paul’s primary argument against the Towrah and its Covenant – circumcision – was included in this list.

To keep from being held accountable for his aversion to the Torah, Paul’s disciples proposed: “What, then, is to be done? They will certainly hear that you have come. (Acts 21:22) Therefore do this that we tell you. We have four men who have a vow on them; (Acts 21:23) take them and purify yourself along with them, and spend on them so that they may shave their head; and all will know that there is nothing to the things which they have been told about you.” (Acts 21:24)

This was a foolish idea for a number of reasons. In the Torah, there is one vow, called the Nazirite Vow. But rather than shaving one’s head to participate, the vow expressly prohibits cutting one’s hair. In fact, it was only once the vow was over that one’s hair could be trimmed, and even then a participant would never shave their head. The Torah instructs us not to shave our heads because doing so mimics the appearance of pagan priests. Moreover, the vow pertained only to the individual, and said nothing about someone who was paying them. Furthermore, Yahowsha’ did not participate in nor promote the Nazirite Vow.

Therefore, all this would have proven is that Paul’s disciples were ignorant of the Torah and that Paul was a fraud for following their advice. “Then Paul took the men the next day, purifying himself along with them, went into the temple giving notice of the completion of the days of purification, until the sacrifice was offered for each one of them.” (Acts 21:26) If Paul wanted to demonstrate that his preaching was in harmony with the Torah, all he had to do was cite the Torah rather than contradict it. But this charade did just the opposite.

“When the seven days were almost over, the Jews [Yahuwdym] from Asia, upon seeing him in the temple, began to stir up all the crowd and laid hands on him, (Acts 21:27) crying out, ‘Men of Israel [Yisra’el], come to our aid! This is the man who preaches to all men everywhere against our people and the Law [Torah] and this place; and besides he has even brought Greeks into the temple and has defiled this holy [Set-Apart] place.’” (Acts 21:28)

There is no hiding from the fact that Paul’s message was both anti-Semitic and anti-Torah. The same would be true of the religion he promoted.

Greeks, as Gnostics, were belligerent in their opposed to circumcision, which is why they were not supposed to be in the Temple. An uncircumcised man cannot enter heaven and is not welcome in Yahowah’s home. Also, the fact that at least two of the bald men were Greeks, they could not have been participating in the Nazirite Vow. So by endorsing this ruse, Paul not only demonstrated that he was Torah adverse, he instigated the protest against him.

Most of what follows is hyperbole. It is laughably absurd. “Then all the city was provoked, and a running together of the people occurred, and taking hold of Paul they dragged him out of the temple, and immediately the doors were shut. (Acts 21:30) While they were seeking to kill him, a report came up to the commander [literally a “chiliarch” who would have been in charge of one thousand soldiers] of the Roman cohort that all Jerusalem was in confusion. (Acts 21:31) At once he took along some soldiers and centurions [each centurion commanded one hundred soldiers] and ran down to them; and when they saw the commander and the soldiers, they stopped beating Paul. (Acts 21:32) Then the commander came up and took hold of him, and ordered him to be bound with two chains; and he began asking who he was and what he had done.” (Acts 21:33)

This ridiculous slice of the Christian New Testament is so obviously and deliberately exaggerated to make Paul appear courageous while painting Jews as savages, I’m embarrassed to share it with you. And yet for Paul’s profession of allegiance to Rome to properly resonate, we’ll have to hold our noses a bit longer and mush our way through this fabrication.

“When he got to the stairs, he was carried by the soldiers because of the violence of the mob; (Acts 21:35) for the multitude of the people kept following them, shouting, ‘Away with him!’ (Acts 21:36) As Paul was about to be brought into the barracks, he said to the commander, ‘May I say something to you?’ And he said, ‘Do you know Greek? (Acts 21:37) Then you are not the Egyptian who some time ago stirred up a revolt and led the four thousand men of the Assassins [that’s funny because the word assassin was derived from Islam’s use of hashish to recruit jihadists a thousand years later] out into the wilderness?’ (Acts 21:38) But Paul said, ‘I am a Jew [Yahuwd] of Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no insignificant city; and I beg you, allow me to speak to the people.’ (Acts 21:39) When he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the stairs, motioned to the people with his hand; and when there was a great hush, he spoke to them in the Hebrew dialect, saying, (Acts 21:40) ‘Brethren and fathers, hear my defense which I now offer to you.’” (Acts 22:1) What an odd place to start a new chapter, right in the middle of a sentence. But at least there is one useful anecdote: he spoke Hebrew because Yisra’elites spoke Hebrew. Someone ought to inform Pope Francis of this fact. (When Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told Francis that Yahowsha’ spoke Hebrew, the pope disagreed, and attempted to correct him.)

What follows is troubling on many levels. First, Gamaliel trained rabbis, the very people Yahowsha’ condemned. Rather than establishing Paul’s credibility, this admission destroys it. Yahowsha’ actually said that the rabbis were “born of serpents,” meaning that they were inspired and possessed by demons. Paul’s affinity for the Jewish religion was further reinforced by his admission that his life had been lived in accord with “the strictness of the ancestral law,” which is the Talmud and thus Judaism – something God routinely denounces.

Then Paul tells the crowd that he “persecuted this Way to the death.” Since “this” would have to represent the previous reference to “ancestral law,” he was now claiming to have mistreated religious Jews, when in fact, he claims elsewhere to have attacked those who accepted Yahowsha’, and that he ravaged them on behalf of the rabbis. In addition, he is admitting to murdering his brethren, making him eerily similar to so many of the Romans we have met along the way.

“And when they heard that he was addressing them in the Hebrew dialect, they became even more quiet; and he said, (Acts 22:2) ‘I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated at the feet of Gamaliel, according to the strictness of the ancestral law of our fathers, being zealous for God just as you all are today. (Acts 22:3) I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and putting both men and women into prisons, (Acts 22:4) as also the high priest and all the Council of the elders testifies for me. From them I also received letters to the brethren, and started off for Damascus in order to bring even those who were there to Jerusalem [Yaruwshalaim] having been bound to be punished.’” (Acts 22:5) All of this serves to disassociate Paul from Yahowah and Yahowsha’.

Paul’s next statement is one of three times he tried to explain what happened on the road to Damascus. To his shame, each attempt differs from the others – and none of the three accounts are credible . Also troubling, “Lord” is Satan’s title, not God’s. And Yahowsha’ told His Disciples that if anyone claimed to see Him in the wilderness, that they would be a liar. He said that when He next appears, everyone on Earth will see His light at the same time. This realization alone is more than sufficient to discard Paul’s testimony.

“‘But it happened that as I was on my way, approaching Damascus about noontime, a very bright light suddenly flashed from heaven all around me, (Acts 22:6) and I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?” (Acts 22:7) And I answered, “Who are You, Lord?” And He said to me, “I am Jesus [while Yahowsha’ is the Ma’aseyah’s name, Satan was the source of the voice and the light] the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.”’” (Acts 22:8) This bears repeating: Paul’s accounting of this event cannot be true because Yahowsha’, Himself, declared that any such claim regarding Him would be false. For this reason, all informed and rational people reject Paul as a liar, false witness, and imposter. He has become the spitting image of the Beast.

Beyond this, why would Paul have called the flashing light “Lord” when he did not know the spirit’s identity? After all, as a rabbinical student he would have known that Yahowah uses “Ba’al – Lord” as the name and title of the Adversary. Further, Yahowsha uses the exact same verbiage to depict Satan’s fall from Heaven, describing it as a “bright flashing light.” And He did not refer to Himself as “the Nazarene.” That was the rabbinical depiction of Him, one they used because in their minds, “nothing good comes from Nazareth.” He is “Yahowsha’ ben Yahowah.” It’s now obvious that Paul was a bad liar.

The “witnesses” were never named – an odd omission for Paul, since he was a serial namedropper. These companions are quantified as “two” elsewhere, which is a little shy of the world’s population. And you’ll notice here that Paul claims that they also saw the light, somehow only Paul was blinded by it. Further, Paul is inconsistent in his testimony regarding what was said and who actually heard it. “‘And those who were with me saw the light, to be sure, but did not hear the voice of the One who was speaking to me. (Acts 22:9) And I said, “What shall I do, Lord?” And the Lord said to me, “Get up and go on into Damascus, and there you will be told of all that has been appointed for you to do.” (Acts 22:10) But since I could not see because of the glory of that light, I was led by the hand by those who were with me and came into Damascus.’” (Acts 22:11) This begs the question: why do you suppose the others with him were not also blinded? Was the “bright flashing light” just in Paul’s head, or was it a figment of his imagination, as would be the case later with Constantine.

Yahowah provided all of us with His guidance for our lives in His Towrah. We do not need special or personal instructions. And Damascus is the antithesis of Yaruwshalaim. The former is in opposition to Yisra’el and it will be completely destroyed. The latter is eternal, providing as its name affirms, the “Source of Reconciliation.” And lest I forget, Yahowah enlightens us. He does not blind us. God’s actual prophets revealed seeing His light in heaven, describing it for us.

This next fellow is named, but he is completely unknown to history. More importantly, those who properly observe the Torah, like Dowd / David for example, are never devout. We are enlightened and excited by the Towrah’s Teaching, and we are passionate about its Author and His Covenant Family. Further, since Pauline Doctrine assails and annuls the Torah, separating Yahowsha’ from the Word of God, from Paul’s perspective a man who clings to the Torah cannot have a relationship with Yahowsha’, cannot be saved, cannot speak for God, nor be credible. This scenario, therefore, is contrived to fool the foolish.

“A certain Ananias, a man who was devout by the standard of the Law [Towrah], and well spoken of by all the Jews [Yahuwdym] who lived there, (Acts 22:12) came to me, and standing near said to me, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight!’ And at that very hour I looked up at him. (Acts 22:13) And he said, ‘The God of our fathers has appointed you to know His will and to see the Righteous One and to hear a voice from His mouth. (Acts 22:14) For you will be a witness for Him to all men of what you have seen and heard. (Acts 22:15) Now why do you delay? Get up and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on His name.’” (Acts 22:16)

Paul would have the faithful believe that God blinded him so a Torah-observant Jew could restore his sight. He would then have his audience believe that Yahowsha’ was so incompetent, that even after choosing, teaching, and living with twelve Disciples, none of them were capable of declaring His will. Instead of fishermen, God would now resort to a rabbi – and not just any cleric, a murderous one.

Paul, by putting words into the mouth of this imaginary Torah-observant man, would like us to believe that God’s will cannot be found in this very same Torah, but instead must be prescribed personally. And yet, the voice of the flashing light didn’t reveal his will, that is unless “get up and go to Damascus” is his new plan.

But even that isn’t necessarily so because each time Paul tells this story, the light’s testimony differs. The final time, Paul goes so far astray he has the flashing light quote Dionysus.

The “Righteous One” is the name given to the esteemed religious leader of the Essenes. They composed many scrolls extolling his authority. He is positioned as the most stalwart opponent of Pharisaic Judaism. As a rabbinic student, Paul would have been aware of this religious affinity and aversion.

Now this is where Paul gets his story twisted. On the road to Damascus, the flashing light said that if Sha’uwl went to Damascus he “would be told of all that has been appointed for you to do.” But now that Sha’uwl is in Damascus, he is simply told he has “heard a voice from [the Righteous One’s] mouth for you will be a witness for Him to all men of what you have seen and heard.” So Paul didn’t get the inside scoop on the special new credo from the flashing light or from the man, which means that the source of his vision lied.

Yahowah’s consistent instructions to us are to observe His towrah, to listen to Him when He invites us to participate in His Covenant, and to attend His annual Meetings. He wants us to come to know Him in this way and to understand what He is offering. Every time Yahowsha’ sought to explain His mission to those seeking to know Him, He always referred them to the Torah and Prophets. But Paul wants us to believe that he was an exception. There would be no towrah, no observation, no listening, no study, no learning, no preparation, just go. He wasn’t even encouraged to engage in the Covenant.

Baptism is not prescribed in the Torah. Yahowsha’ did not baptize anyone. Baptism does not remove sin – that is the function of Pesach and Matsah. Paul could not “wash away [his] sins.” He is not the Savior.

In his first letter, the one Sha’uwl, now Paul, wrote to the Galatians, he provides an entirely different accounting of what happened after leaving Damascus, including a three year visit to Arabia. But not here.

“It happened when I returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, that I fell into a trance, (Acts 22:17) and I saw Him saying to me, ‘Make haste, and get out of Jerusalem [Yaruwshalaim] quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about Me.’ (Acts 22:18) And I said, ‘Lord, they themselves understand that in one synagogue after another I used to imprison and beat those who believed in You. (Acts 22:19) And when the blood of Your witness Stephen was being shed, I also was standing by approving, and watching out for the coats of those who were slaying him.’ (Acts 22:20) And He said to me, ‘Go! For I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’” (Acts 22:21)

Religious mystics feign trances. Muhammad claims to have heard clanging bells in his head during the trances where he received the Qur’an. Trances are not Godly.

This time the vision before Paul’s eyes is identified only as the “Lord,” affirming the obvious – this is Satan. This also explains why those familiar with Yahowah, Yahowsha’, and His Torah, would not accept what Paul had to say. Furthermore, Yahowah doesn’t deploy cowards. He does not retreat.

This reminds me of Muhammad. In Mecca, those who knew Muhammad and the rock-god Allah best, mocked and rejected him. They knew that Muhammad was lying. The same was true for Sha’uwl in Yaruwshalaim. He would have to go elsewhere, just as Muhammad had to flee to Medina, to find an audience sufficiently unaware to fool. And speaking of similarities, both men were murdering, kidnapping, savages.

If you believe that Paul presented all of this before a hushed mob that had sought to kill him, while they hung on his every word, then you are probably a Christian, because that is what Paul would have you believe... “They listened to him up to this statement, and then they raised their voices and said, ‘Away with such a fellow from the earth, for he should not be allowed to live!’” (Acts 22:22)

Twice in the Torah, both times in Dabarym / Words / Deuteronomy, Yahowah delineates the test we should deploy to determine whether or not someone who is claiming to speak for Him is telling the truth. This audience would have known that standard and would have realized that Sha’uwl failed it. As a result, they also knew that according to Yahowah, Paul should not have been allowed to live.

If you’ll notice, in his diatribe, Paul began trying to win the support of rabbinic Jews, regaling the time he sat at Gamaliel’s feet, and then he switched to affirming his affinity with Yahowsha’s followers, when they were in fact enemies. It is one of the many flaws in this revisionist tale.

The act of tearing or throwing off one’s cloak was a rabbinic religious custom. As such, this audience could not have been comprised of those who would have exonerated Paul for an alleged encounter with Yahowsha’. So in the process of trying to have his audience believe that his experience somehow mimics Yahowsha’s before the Sanhedrin, Sha’uwl is demonstrating that he cannot be trusted. 

“And as they were crying out and throwing off their cloaks and tossing dust into the air, (Acts 22:23) the commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, stating that he should be examined by scourging so that he might find out the reason why they were shouting against him that way.” (Acts 22:24)

The Romans as we have learned were ruthless, but in their provinces Roman officers had to comply with Roman Law. Scourging was not a form of “examination.” If the Roman military officer wanted to know why the crowds were shouting against him, he would have asked those who were shouting.

The reason for this fabrication is to present Paul as “Jesus,” as someone the Jews wanted the Romans to judge and crucify. But even in his ruse, Paul can’t play the part of the God he never knew. Yahowsha’ didn’t appeal to Roman Law. He most certainly did not claim Roman allegiance.

“But when they stretched him out for the whip, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, ‘Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman and uncondemned?’ (Acts 22:25) When the centurion heard this, he went to the commander and told him, saying, ‘What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman.’ (Acts 22:26) The commander came and said to him, ‘Tell me, are you a Roman?’ And he said, ‘Yes.’” (Acts 22:27)

We have our confession. The Beast of Rome endures through Paul.

The commander answered, ‘I acquired this citizenship with a large sum of money.’ And Paul said, ‘But I was actually born a citizen.’ (Acts 22:28) Therefore those who were about to examine him immediately withdrew from him; and the commander also was afraid when he found out that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him in chains. (Acts 22:29) But on the next day, wishing to know for certain why he had been accused by the Jews [Yahuwdym], he released him and ordered the chief priests and all the [Sanhedrin] Council to assemble, and brought Paul down and set him before them.” (Acts 22:30)

The Romans and the Sanhedrin kept meticulous records, as did the rabbis, and there is no mention whatsoever of this meeting from any of them. So while it did not occur, this story was nonetheless important. Its every nuance was cleverly crafted by Paul to cast himself into the role of God. Since Yahowsha’ was brought before the chief priests on Passover, Paul would be brought before them on the day he was passed over for punishment.

Once again, since Paul never knew Yahowsha’, he cannot even get his story right. Yahowsha’ made no attempt to defend Himself. Moreover, after admitting that he has been a serial murderer, that he is a kidnapper, and that he beat innocent people up for his god, he lies and says... “Paul, looking intently at the [Sanhedrin] Council, said, ‘Brethren, I have lived my life with a perfectly good conscience before God up to this day.’” (Acts 23:1) Since Paul’s sworn testimony was utterly untrue, why does anyone believe him?

While none of this actually occurred, had it transpired, Ananias’s reaction would have been prudent... “The high priest Ananias commanded those standing beside him to strike him on the mouth. (Acts 23:2) Then Paul said to him, ‘God is going to strike you, you whitewashed wall! Do you sit to try me according to the Law [Towrah], and in violation of the Law [Towrah] order me to be struck?’” (Acts 23:3)

In actuality, knowing how deadly they can become, the Towrah asks us to kill those who falsely claim to speak for Yahowah. Had the Sanhedrin followed God’s advice on this day, billions of people would not have needlessly died estranged from Yahowah and His Covenant.

Sha’uwl’s reaction to his tormentors is identical with Muhammad’s response in Mecca. When those who knew Muhammad best accused him of lying, according to the Qur’an, the best Muhammad was ever able to muster as a retort was to say that his god was going to smite his critics. The fact is, Yahowah does not strike human souls.

“But the bystanders said, ‘Do you revile God’s high priest?’ (Acts 23:4) And Paul said, ‘I was not aware, brethren, that he was high priest; for it is written, “You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.”’” (Acts 23:5)

As a rabbinical student, there would have been absolutely no chance whatsoever that Sha’uwl wouldn’t have recognized the High Priest – but then again, this is make believe. Further, had this meeting actually taken place, the scenario that Sha’uwl was depicting cast him, not Ananias in the role of violating the Towrah’s intent. As a result, had Paul cited this line from Shemowth / Names / Exodus 22:27, he would have convicting himself rather than the High Priest. Paul wasn’t a ruler over Yisra’elites.

Not only did Sha’uwl cite something which proves that he was wrong, he misquoted the Towrah and shortchanged the statement. Yahowah actually said: “For surely (ky – because indeed), I am (‘any) merciful (chanuwn). Almighty God (‘elohym) you should not make smaller, disdain, or trivialize (lo’ qalal – you should not continually lower in status or bring about a state where God is despised and treated with contempt (piel imperfect)), and (wa) the Prince (nasy’ – leader who is lifted up; from nasa’ – to lift up and forgive (a reference to Yahowsha’ as the Prince of Reconciliation in Yasha’yah)) among your people and within your family (ba ‘am) you should never invoke harm or actually injure (lo’ arar – you should not ever place a literal curse upon (qal perfect)).” (Shemowth 22:27) It was Paul who belittled God by claiming that “the fullness of the godhead resided upon [a man] bodily.” And it was Paul who trivialized God by not only annulling His Towrah but also by removing His role in our salvation. He even disdained God by misquoting Him. But as bad as all of this is for Paul, by citing this passage, Sha’uwl was inferring that he was the Prince, the Savior, the Father of the Covenant Family, the Leader of the Chosen People, and Almighty God. And should you doubt any of this, read Yasha’yah / Isaiah 9:6 and see what Yahowah has to say about the “nasy’ – Prince.”

Sha’uwl continued to be duplicitous. When confronted by those who accepted Yahowsha’, he pretended to be one of them. And now before the High Priest, he claims to be a Pharisee. Paul would say whatever was expedient. Truth was irrelevant.

“But perceiving that one group were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, Paul began crying out in the [Sanhedrin] Council, ‘Brethren, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees; I am on trial for the hope and resurrection of the dead!’ (Acts 23:6) As he said this, there occurred a dissension between the Pharisees and Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. (Acts 23:7) For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection, nor an angel [messenger], nor a spirit, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all. (Acts 23:8) And there occurred a great uproar; and some of the scribes of the Pharisaic party stood up and began to argue heatedly, saying, ‘We find nothing wrong with this man; suppose a spirit or an angel [mal’ak – messenger] has spoken to him?’ (Acts 23:9) And as a great dissension was developing, the commander was afraid Paul would be torn to pieces by them and ordered the troops to go down and take him away from them by force, and bring him into the barracks.” (Acts 23:10)

The Sadducees were liberal politicians, today’s leftists and socialists. They were more secular than the Pharisees, who were religious fundamentalists. Most everyone alive at this time recognized these differences and were aware that both served in the Sanhedrin. They were both set in their ways and would not have argued in this fashion, for there would have been no purpose. Moreover, neither Jews nor their God believe in resurrection from the dead. Bodily resurrection is the stuff of pagan mythology.

Angels are also a pagan concept as is spiritualism. In actuality, there are no “angels,” only mal’ak, and they are all spiritual messengers.

But nevertheless, there was a purpose to this story. Paul was recasting himself in the role of God, and thus needed an official to say of him what the Roman procurator said of Yahowsha’: “I find nothing wrong with this man.” And while it is a small point among much larger issues, why would the Sanhedrin Council go from debating an issue upon with they both agreed to wanting to tear Paul to pieces? And why was Paul so consistently willing to rely on the Roman military for his salvation rather than God? Why did he prefer Roman Law to Yahowah’s Towrah?

Now that Rome had saved Paul from the Jews, it was time for Paul’s Lord to send his apostle to Rome. The Beast would be transformed to represent Satan. “But on the night immediately following, the Lord stood at his side and said, ‘Take courage; for as you have solemnly witnessed to My cause at Jerusalem, so you must witness at Rome also.’” (Acts 23:11) And so he did, composing an ode to the Adversary that he would call “Romans.” It was his masterpiece. In so doing, Paul became the voice of Rome – the most influential Roman of all.

Also telling, just as Yahowah would ask Abraham – our primary witness to the Covenant – to walk away the first Beast, Babylon, before engaging in the Covenant, Paul’s Lord had his most prolific witness walk toward the final Beast, Rome, giving rise to the Church. In this way, Yahowah and Satan, the Covenant and the Church, have their advocates: the Torah and Prophets on one side and the Christian New Testament on the other.

By the way, according to this, the only authorized edition of Paul’s testimony, the Lord’s apostle didn’t solemnly witness to any cause other than his own. All he has done thus far is reveal his self-centered nature and his affinity for Rome while proving that he cannot be trusted.

And as would be the case with Rome, and again with Islam, Satan strove to justify his animosity toward Yahowah’s Chosen People. They had to be maligned and silenced for the message the Adversary would convey through the Roman Church to resonate. And therefore... “When it was day, the Jews formed a conspiracy and bound themselves under an oath, saying that they would neither eat nor drink until they had killed Paul. (Acts 23:12) There were more than forty who formed this plot. (Acts 23:13) They came to the chief priests and the elders and said, ‘We have bound ourselves under a solemn oath to taste nothing until we have killed Paul. (Acts 23:14) Now therefore, you with the Council notify the commander to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case by a more thorough investigation; and we for our part are ready to slay him before he comes near the place.’” (Acts 23:15) Just as Jews were wrongly positioned as “Christ killers” by the Roman Church Paul founded, Paul wanted Jews to be his adversary as well.

And once again, Paul would rely on Roman Law and the Roman military for his salvation. He became akin to a broken record. “And he called to him two of the centurions and said, ‘Get two hundred soldiers ready by the third hour of the night to proceed to Caesarea, with seventy horsemen and two hundred spearmen.’ (Acts 23:23) They were also to provide mounts to put Paul on and bring him safely to Felix the governor.” (Acts 23:24) Then to the governor, the centurion allegedly wrote: “When this man was arrested by the Jews and was about to be slain by them, I came up to them with the troops and rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman.” (Acts 23:27)

So what do you suppose Paul had to say about the government of the Beast that would destroy the Temple, Yaruwshalaim, and Yisra’el, the savage empire that would crucify God’s Chosen People by the tens of thousands, enslave them by the hundreds of thousands, ban circumcision, and burn every copy of the Torah they could find? What did he write on behalf of Satan to facilitate such evil?

For that let’s turn to the thirteenth chapter of Romans...

“Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except by God, and those which exist are established by God. (Romans 13:1) Therefore whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves. (Romans 13:2) For rulers are not a cause of fear for good work, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; (Romans 13:3) for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil. (Romans 13:4) Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience’ sake. (Romans 13:5) For because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing. (Romans 13:6) Render to all what is due them: tax to whom tax is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.” (Romans 13:7)

Imagine that! While Yahowah asked Abraham to walk away from Babylon before engaging in the Covenant relationship with Him, Paul would have had him remain there, a loyal subject of the nation that would enslave God’s people. While Yahowah freed His children from the religious, political, military, and economic oppression of Egypt, Paul would have them remain slaves, dutiful to their masters. Yahowah exposed and condemned the Beast of Rome, but Paul claimed that their authority and ordinances were from God – especially when they were murdering Jews and outlawing the Torah and circumcision.

A Muslim following this advice would be a terrorist. A Nazi would be a mass murderer. An American would be played for a fool. Everyone, without exception, who follows this advice will die estranged from God. Never has any government been sanctioned by God. None have been established by God. No government wields God’s authority.

Fortunately, those beguiled by Paul are not condemned. The victims of religious and political lies simply cease to exist at the end of their mortal lives. They are not judged. They are not damned. But those like Paul who mislead in this way, those who tell people that they must be in subjection to governing authorities, they will be judged and condemned – incarcerated in She’owl for eternity. The opposite of what Paul has written on behalf of Rome is true.

Governments are fearsome. They have slaughtered and enslaved billions. They are more typically evil than good. And according to Yahowah, Rome was the worst of a bad lot. To be praised by Rome, a person had to be ruthless.

No human institution, and certainly no government, has served as a minister for God. Most are actually opposed to Him. And while they don’t bear their weapons for nothing, the reasons are seldom good.

Yahowah wants us to be free. He is the author of freewill. His role in our lives is to liberate us from being subject to religious and political corruption.

Yahowah gave humankind a “nesamah – conscience” so that we would be able to exercise freewill in a rational way. He wants us to be able to distinguish between the truth and lies such as this, between His prophets and false ones such as this, between that which is beneficial and that which is harmful.

So now that Paul has elevated the authority of Roman Law and the Church canon, to serve his Lord, he must depreciate the merits of Yahowah’s Towrah. Therefore...

“Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves the other neighbor has fulfilled the law. (Romans 13:8) For this, ‘You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet,’ and if there is any other commandment, it is summed up in this saying, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ (Romans 13:9) Love works no evil to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.” (Romans 13:10)

The duplicity of Paul is shocking. He knows full well that Yahowah etched ten statements in stone, and yet he wrote: “if there is any other commandment....” He could cite every one of them by rote. The fact is he deliberately omitted the first five because they are diametrically opposed to his religious aspirations. He even left out the statement about not bearing false witness because it was so personally incriminating. Then he dismisses the rest of Yahowah’s Towrah by suggesting that it is summarized by “it is summed up in this saying, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself. ...therefore love is the fulfillment of the law” According to Paul, you have to submit to early leaders and their governments, no matter how corrupt, but you can forget about Yahowah, disown His Torah, discard His Covenant, dismiss His Sabbath, disavow His Feasts, and dispose of the Instructions He etched in stone.

This Roman was the voice of the Beast and the embodiment of evil. He was the plague of death. Of him and the government he exposed, Yahowah revealed:

“In this same place (ba danah ‘atar) I remained observant (hawah chazah) during the night vision (ba lyly chazuw ‘a), and right there, behold (wa ‘aruw): the fourth and final (raby’ay raby’ay) awesome and monstrous beast (chywah), the most fearsome and frightening, yet also revered and respected by some, dazzlingly beautiful yet terrible and terrorizing, often longing for revenge (dachal), horrifying and appalling, awful and evil, dreadful and horrific, sickening and gruesome (wa ‘eymatan), yet (wa) exceedingly and preeminently (yatyr) powerful with the prodigious capacity to destroy (taqyph). With (wa) her teeth comprised of iron (shen dy parzel la), multitudes, including the largest, most numerous and powerful (rab), she devoured, devastated, and destroyed (‘akal), crushing the remainder (daqaq sha’ar ‘a) with her feet (ba ragal) by trampling them down violently (raphats) under foot (ba ragal). But (wa) this one was different (hyi’ shanah) from all the other (min kol) beasts (chywah ‘a) which preceded her (dy qodam). And (wa) ten (‘asar) horns, indicative of leaders and nations (qeren), were upon her (la).” (7:7)

“I was thinking about, trying to understand (hawah sakal) the horns (ba qeren a’) and then, behold (wa ‘aluw), another and final (‘achoran) horn (qeren), a smaller one of lower status (za’eyr), came up between them and among them (celaq ben). And three (wa talat) among (min) the initial group of horns (qadmay qeren ‘a) were de-horned (‘aqar ‘aqar) from before (qodam qodam). Then behold (wa ‘aluw), eyes (‘ayn), like the eyes of a human (ka ‘ayn ‘enash) in this unique horn (ba qeren ‘a da’) along with (wa) a mouth (pum) speaking powerfully and abundantly as an esteemed authority (malal rab). (7:8) I continued to watch (hawah chazah) while (‘ad) those thrones (dy karatse’) were set in place (ramah).” (Dany’el 7:9)

“I continued to be observant (hawah chazah) in this regard because (ba ‘adayn min) the voice conveying (qal) the abundant (rab) words, affairs, and decrees (milah) of the horn (‘a dy qeren ‘a) was speaking (malal). I kept watching until I came to realize (hawah chazah ‘ad) that the monstrous beast (chywah ‘a) was slain (dy qatal), and the body (wa gashem) perished (‘abad), so (wa) it was given (yahab) to (la) the fire and an offering to be consumed (yaqedah ‘esha’). (7:11) Then with the remainder (wa sha’ar) of the beasts (chywah ‘a), governmental dominion (shaletan) was taken away from them (‘adah). But (wa) an extension of life (‘arkah ba chay) was extended to them (yahab la) until (‘ad) an appointed time (zaman), and then a year’s time (wa ‘idan).” (7:12)

“Then, therefore (‘adayn), I wanted (tsabah) to be certain (la yatsab) regarding (‘al) the fourth (raby’ay ‘a) monstrous beast (chywah) which was different and changed (dy hawah shanah) from all of the others (min kol kol), awesomely beautiful and yet hideously terrifying (yatyr dachal) with imposing teeth (shen shen) akin to iron (dy parzel) and claws (wa taphar) of bronze (nachash), it devoured (‘akal), crushing (daqaq) the rest (sha’ar), violently trampling (raphac) with its paws (ba ragal). (7:19)

And also (wa) concerning (‘al) were the ten horns (‘asar qeren ‘a) which were on its head (dy ba re’sh), and then another in the end (wa ‘achoran) which grew (dy calaq). And then (wa) the three (talat) which fell, falling away right before its presence (naphal wa naphal min qodam qodam). And this one horn had eyes and a mouth (wa qeren ‘a diken wa la wa peh) to speak profusely (malal rab). Its appearance (wa chazuw) was greater (rab) than its companions (min chabrah). (7:20)

I continued looking (hawah chazah), and this horn (wa qeren a’ diken) was engaged in war (‘abad qarab) against (‘im) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) and prevailing over them (wa yakil la) until (‘ad dy) the Ancient of Days (‘athyq yowm a’) arrived (‘atah). (7:21) And then (wa) He rendered and executed (yahab) the judgment (dyn ‘a) in favor or and on behalf of (la) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) of the Most High (‘elyown). And at the specific appointed time (wa zaman ‘a), He approached, reached out, and issued His decree (matsa’) so that (wa) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) inherited (chacan) the kingdom (malkuw). (7:22)

‘Therefore,’ he said (‘amar), ‘The fourth (raby’ay ‘a) beast (chywah ‘a), which represents the fourth of the four kingdoms (raby’ay ‘a raby’ay ‘a malkuw) to arise (hawah) in the world (ba ‘ara’ ‘a), which will be different from (dy shanah min) all the other kingdoms (kol malkuw ‘a), will devour, devastating (‘akal) the entire world (kol ‘ara’ ‘a), and will trample it down, destroying (wa duwsh) and then crushing it (daqaq). (7:23)

Regarding the ten horns (wa qeren ‘a ‘asar), out of this kingdom (min malkuw) the kings (‘asar melek) will arise (quwm), and then much later another (wa ‘achoran) will take his stand (quwm) at the end (‘achary). And he (wa huw’) will be different (shanah) from the previous ones (qadmay ‘a), so then (wa) humbling (shaphal) three kings (tahath kings). (7:24) And his decisions, decrees, and commands (wa milah), accordingly (la), will be in slight conflict with and in subtle opposition to (tsad) the Most High God’s (‘ilay ‘a ‘ilay ‘a) statements (malal).

And regarding (wa la) the Set-Apart Ones (qadysh) of the Most High (‘elyown), he will oppress and persecute them, trying to make them appear obsolete (balah) while (wa) he strives, attempting (cabar) to change (shanah) the appointed times (zaman a) and the Towrah (wa dath). And he will place them under his authority (wa yahab ba yad) for a time, times, and half a time (‘ad ‘idan ‘idanyn wa palag ‘idan). (7:25) And then (wa) the Judge will sit and execute judgment (dyn ‘a yatib) and mastery and power (wa shalatan) will be taken away from him (‘adah) to the extent that they are completely eradicated (la shamad) and perish (wa la ‘abad) to the end of time (‘ad coph ‘a).” (Dany’el 7:26)

There are thousands of reasons to reject Paul’s testimony and to view the arrogant, self-proclaimed apostle as the most deceitful, most debilitating, and clearly the most deadly and damning soul to have ever lived. And there are a thousand more that cause us to realize that Paul is why the Roman Catholic Church grew out of the legacy of Rome and is the Beast today. If you know Paul, you will recognize the “Antichrist” because they will be indistinguishable.

Christianity is so fundamentally different than it should have been, there is absolutely no chance that Paul would have prevailed had Greeks not been prepared and then Rome cultivated to receive and accept his fraudulent and radical departure from Yahowah’s Torah, from His Covenant, His Sabbath, His Appointed Meetings, and His People, from Yisra’el, Yaruwshalaim, and Hebrew as the basis of all Divine revelation. Think about it for a moment. Everything Yahowsha’ represented, everything He said, everything He did, was in irreconcilable conflict with the resulting religion Paul conceived and conveyed. Yahowsha’s Sermon on the Mount was the antithesis of Pauline Doctrine. Yahowsha’ was Torah observant. Paul was Torah adverse.

For Christianity to grow without roots, removed from God’s land, people, language, and testimony, the faith required artificial grounding. And this came initially through Greek Gnosticism – and thus out of a philosophical aversion to the real world combined with a mystical fascination with spiritualism – the flesh and faith in Paul’s parlance. There is no getting around the fact that Paul’s opposition to Yahowah’s Towrah was predicated upon this Platonic preposition – as was his antagonism toward circumcision. Without Aristotle conveying these erroneous religious notions to Alexander, and without the Macedonian general imposing this philosophy from Greece to India and from Egypt to Turkey, Paul’s principle proposition would have been rejected as irrational due to its irreconcilable inconsistencies with God’s preexisting conditions.

And yet throughout the many places influenced by Greek perceptions of their own superiority, by Hellenistic philosophy, politics, and religion, Paul’s antagonism to what they also saw as an inferior people, place, and culture was readily assimilated. Even today, Greece remains hostile, remaining the most anti-Semitic country in Europe, and among the worst in the world, with nearly three-quarters of the population opposed to Yahowah’s Chosen People. Considering the influence of the Eastern Orthodox Church of Greece, to which ninety-seven percent of Greeks belong, it’s bewildering that so many believers are antagonistic to the race that founded their religion. But, alas, it is this anachronism that has made Christianity possible.

Affirming this racist religious bent, a recent survey revealed that eighty-five percent of Greek Christians believe the unfounded conspiracy theory that Jews are in control of the world’s economy, media, and governance. It is so ridiculous that when the leader of the neo-Nazi party, New Dawn, recently read excerpts of the anti-Semitic forgery Protocols of the Elders of Zion in Parliament, not a single Greek politician chastised him. This disconnect from reality in Greek culture is a legacy of Gnostic philosophy, which in turn provided the perverted culture required for Christianity to take root and grow. So we should not be surprised that the Eastern Orthodox Church of Greece lists the “Apostle Paul” as its founder. Nor should we be surprised that Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity was codified in the Hellenistic city of Nicaea – a place named after the Greek god of Victory. It isn’t even unexpected that Theodosius the Great unified the Roman Empire for the last time out of Constantinople, imposing Nicaean Christianity and the feudal system on Europe for a millennia.

But there is much more. The Greek cult of Dionysus also provided a preexisting counterfeit upon which to paint the caricature of the Christian “Jesus.” No doubt this is why Paul had the flashing light he encountered on the road to Damascus cite Dionysus’s most famous line in his third rendition of what occurred that troublesome day: “It is difficult for you to resist the goad.” (Acts 26:14)

Dionysus was the son of Zeus, the Father of the Gods, in Greek mythology. So to make him both the “Son of God” and the totality of God, the Christian “Iesous / Jesus” was named after his mythological Father. Also telling, Dionysus’s mother was a mortal and virgin. Semele, thereby, provided a readymade counterfeit for Mary. In this way, and many more, the Greeks were preconditioned to accept a Christian god born as a baby from a virgin mother.

In harmony with the Roman Catholic myth that Mary remained a perpetual virgin, Semele was struck while pregnant by a lightning bolt so that she would eternally retain the moniker “Virgin Mother.” Then according to the Greeks, her son was then taken by Zeus to the underworld, where Dionysus was ripped apart. Handed over to the care of Athena and Rhea, Dionysus was resurrected from Hades, becoming known as “twice born” – all of which would loom large in Christian mythology.

Dionysus became the god of agriculture and wine, and thus responsible for fertility and rebirth of nature. As such, his birthday was celebrated on the Winter Solstice, when the days start growing longer. Therefore, to be born on December 25th, his mother would have had to have been impregnated by Zeus nine months earlier, and thus on Easter Sunday. Also, as the Greek Savior, Dionysus provided an especially plausible façade for the new Christian deity bearing the same title.

But there were subtleties as well. As the god of intoxication, Greek mythology helps elucidate why Yahowah referred to Sha’uwl’s spirit as “inebriating” in the second chapter of Habakkuk. Dionysus was particularly ruthless against those who opposed him, which helps explain why the line “It is difficult to resist against the goad” was attributed to him by Euripides in The Bacchae (line 790 of the play and then by Paul in Acts 26:14).

It is interesting too that Euripides wrote the play while serving in the court of King Archelaus of Macedon, where the worship of Dionysus was depicted as especially dangerous and destructive. And while it is absurd to suggest that Yahowsha’ would choose to say such a thing, it is a reasonable statement to attribute to Dionysus in Macedonia where the consequence of trying to resist popular religious beliefs would have caused a person to be completely ostracized from that society. It is also interesting to note that in The Bacchae, Dionysus appears before the king of Macedonia on charges of claiming divinity, which is comparable to the New Testament’s interrogation scene before Pontius Pilate. This play from which Paul quoted initially premiered in the Theater of Dionysus in Macedonia in 405 BCE during the annual Greek Festival of Dionysus. This all serves as a harsh indictment against Christianity which would have us believe that its god inspired the infamous citation.

Dionysus (known as Bacchus in Roman mythology, Osiris in Egypt, and Tammuz in Babylon) was chosen by Sha’uwl (or Satan) as a model for his god because the Son of the Sun in pagan literature provided a popular mythical analog for Yahowsha’ – and thus a way to transform Him from Hebrew into Greek and then from Greek into Roman. As the most recent of the twelve Olympian gods, the Dionysus cult ushered in a new and different kind religious relationship. Unlike the vengeful gods of old, Dionysius was portrayed as loving, even forgiving—foreshadowing the Christian distinction between Yahowah and Yahowsha’.

In addition, Dionysus was known as the Epiphany – the god who comes in the form of a man. His appearance was said to alter essential nature of what had come before—in perfect harmony with Pauline Doctrine. Even today, the Lord’s Epiphany is observed by the Roman Catholic Church on January 6th and by the Eastern Orthodox Church on January 19th, commemorating the Gentile recognition of the birth of the Son of God, all in keeping with the Dionysian Mysteries. In fact, the cult was brought from Greece to Etruria in central Italy around 200 BCE. There, Dionysus became Bacchus – the “Liber Pater – Father of Liberty.” Affirming all of this, in the Museum of Naples there is an ancient marble urn commemorating Dionysus’s birth, and subsequent epiphany, with three wise men drawn to the event by Mercury, the messenger of the gods.

By his death and resurrection, according to Greek mythology, Dionysius was responsible for liberating his believers and thereby providing the faithful with eternal salvation, in complete harmony with being saved by way of faith in Paul’s Gospel of Grace. Dionysius was not only killed and then resurrected each spring; many aspects of his holy week mirrored the Christian observance of Easter. The annual resurrection of Dionysius on the Sunday closest to the Vernal Equinox celebrated the promise of resurrection from the dead. He was even known as the “Eleutherios – Liberator,” mirroring the central thrust of Paul’s letters where “believers were freed from being slaves to the Law.” In this regard, the mission of Dionysus was to bring an end to burdens and worries.

According to Greek mythology, Dionysus was the first to open communications between the living and the dead, paving the way for prayers to Mary and an abundance of Christian saints. Even the Roman Catholic myth of transubstantiation during the Eucharist, where priests allegedly turn wine into blood, was first practiced in the Dionysian religion. In fact, many of the miracles attributed to Dionysus were legendary – including turning water into wine. This particular wine according to the Greeks was placed in a chalice then transubstantiated by the words of the priest into the god’s blood, which was then consumed by the faithful.

Since Dionysus’s Holy Week was celebrated over the course of five days each Spring, it set the stage for the Greek alternative to Passover, Un-Yeasted Bread, and Firstborn Children, with Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and Easter Sunday occurring during the last week of the Babylonian festival of Lent. During these ceremonies, Dionysus was called “the firstborn of Zeus” and “the only begotten son of God” in addition to the “Soter – Savior.”

Just as the Christian “Jesus Christ” is completely bereft of his Hebrew heritage, Dionysus was thought to be totally estranged, a complete foreigner from the other Olympian gods. He was usually depicted holding a thyrsus staff, a phallic symbol representing “coming forth from the seed,” thereby foreshadowing Paul’s leap from “the seed of Abraham” to “Jesus,” bypassing the Torah. And especially troubling considering Sha’uwl’s affinity for the Greek and Roman goddesses, the Charis and Gratia, Dionysus was their father. They were the “love children” of his affair with Aphrodite—the goddess of love.

Two-hundred and fifty years before Sha’uwl associated Dionysus’ testimony with his conversion experience, Greeks living in what is now southern Italy, as born-again maenads, began celebrating the Bacchanalia, a drunken festival replete with grotesque debaucheries in which the faithful rebelled against all forms of authority, paving the way to the Catholic celebration of Mardi Gras.

In these ways and more, through Gnostic philosophy and the religious cult of Dionysus, the Greeks were prepared in advance to accept the Pauline Christian caricature named Ieosus – especially as he was modified by Constantine’s clerics during the Nicaean Council. So in all of these ways and more, the Greek culture, philosophy, and religion provided a readymade home for a spiritual faith predicated upon a dying and resurrected god who was wholly estranged from his heritage. And this is why in Dany’el 8, the Beast is shown growing out of the Greek Empire conquered by Alexander. That is precisely what happened.

While the Greek experience came to dominate the Roman mindset, since Dany’el 7 shows the enduring and worldwide manifestation of the Beast emerging out of the Roman Empire, let’s review how it became sufficiently anti-Semitic to accept a religion as divorced from reality as was and remains Christianity. And initially what we discover is that apart from the Bacchus incarnation of Dionysus, a cult which gradually took root beginning in the early second century BCE, Rome’s hostility to the God of Abraham, Yitschaq, and Ya’aqob didn’t materialize until the opening days of the first century of the modern era. In other words, as Yahowsha’ arrived in Yisra’el affirming the Torah, Satan began to influence those who would execute Him and torch the Torah.

If we were to choose a moment in time when the stage was set, we’d be drawn to Octavian, who long after the murder of Julius presented himself as the first Caesar “Augustus – Worthy of Reverence” in 2 BCE, the year of Yahowsha’s birth. He was also proclaimed “Pontifex Maximus – the Holiest Pope, Highest Father, and Greatest Priest” for his role as head of the Roman state, military, and religion. Even the calendar was changed to mark the occasion, with the moths of “Julius – July” and “Augustus – August” added before the ninth through twelfth months, oddly pushing September, October, November, and December, meaning Seven, Eight, Nine, and Ten out of alignment. This integration of religion and governance, patriotism and militarism, along with the deification of a man established a new paradigm, one that would be syncretised into Christianity during Constantine’s Nicaean Council and then would be imposed under Theodosius in the fourth century.

During his reign, Caesar Augustus demonstrated as much interest in the army as he did the Empire’s gods, using the former to secure the throne and the latter to consolidate his power. Octavian, as Pontifex Maximus, became a legendary religious reformer, returning the Empire to the traditional Greco-Roman pantheon. Augustus was insistent that the old gods were responsible for the birth and achievements of the Roman Empire as well as his military victories, so he compelled their worship, restoring countless temples – some eighty in Rome alone. Roman patriotism was thereby cultured by integrating politics, religion, and the military, the echos of which we are witnessing in our world today.

In this regard, Caesar Augustus revived the “Sacred Magistracy” of the Office of the Censor, not only to number and tax his subjects, but expressly to orchestrate morality – something Paul likewise sought to achieve in his letters, especially the one he scribed to the Romans. This Sacred Magistracy was used to assure that everyone acknowledged the emperor’s personal affiliation with deity while duly noting his achievements as well as his god-given authority – the very things that Paul claimed for himself and Theodosius set into motion which enabled the Roman Catholic Church to oppress Europe for a millennia.

The purpose of the Censor was to homogenize and control Roman behavior – dictating what was considered acceptable while punishing anyone who deviated from the societal norm. This tendency served to enslave Europe for fifteen centuries and became the impetus for many of those who migrated to the New World. Not allowing anyone to step outside the lines also served as the trial balloon for Political Correctness – the replacement moral code of Socialist Humanists, and the ubiquitous agent controlling lives throughout the West today.

We are told that there were three such censuses during Augustus’s reign. The first was duly noted in the propagandist text of the “Res Gestae Divi Augusti – Deeds of the Divine Augustus” as inscribed on the walls of the Temple of Augustus and Rome in Ankara, Turkey. It reads: “I made a census of the people. I performed the lustrum / purification after an interval of forty-one years.” (Caesar Agustus, Res Gestae Divi Augusti, paragraph 2, line 8) We know that Pompey repealed the census in 52 BCE and that it was reestablished in 22 BCE by Augustus. Following this pattern, and based upon what we can glean from other sources, I suspect that the censuses under Augustus would have occurred in Yahuwdah in 12 BCE, late 2 BCE, and a decade later in early 12 CE, but since the Roman sources differ among themselves, verification remains elusive.

The re-imposition of the census by Caesar Augustus is especially relevant in preparing Romans to accept Christianity because of the censor’s role in “regimen morum – in controlling human behavior and establishing what is deemed acceptable.” As the “Praefectura Morum – Supreme Officer Over Morals,” the Censor and his deputies served as judge and jury over all Roman citizens, clients, and slaves – chastising those who resisted the empire, the emperor, and their gods. From Rome’s perspective for example, Yahowsha’ was whipped and crucified because His claim of divinity was found morally offensive even though He was found innocent of violating Roman Law. This explains the not guilty verdict and subsequent punishment.

The same moral constraints were later imposed by Rome’s legacy: Christianity. Just as a woman would be branded an adulterer and banished from a religious community for cheating on her husband, and a man would be ostracized for homosexual behavior, both would be imprisoned for incest or pedophilia. And should either defy religious authority, they would be condemned and burned alive as heretics. In this same way, the Censor controlled Roman behavior, defining what was acceptable or punishable, with differing standards for Patrician and Plebian. This stratified imposition of morality between Lords and Serfs continued unabated throughout Feudal Europe under the authority of the Church of Rome. Those who dared think differently, those who didn’t obey, those who refused to capitulate and conform, were hunted down and tortured to death without benefit of trial. Christians beget Christians because to rebel was fatal. Few dared speak openly or honestly, and the few who did didn’t do it for long.

In a culture where dissent is deadly, delusions reign and religion comes to dominate the society. Christianity flourished in this way. A web of lies were amalgamated into the faith without concern or objection. The result is Christmas and Easter, Sunday worship and the Church, Jesus and Christ, the cross and the Trinity, a dying god who is bodily resurrected, and a New Testament wholly incongruous with the Divine Writ.

If you recall, it was during the “Lustral – Purification” ceremonies in 12 CE, when after regaling Tiberius’s ability to commit mass murder with a Triumph, Roman citizens were required for the first time to acknowledge the deity of the emperor. And while one more god, even pretending that the king was god, was commonplace throughout the ancient world, there was one province where it was wholly unacceptable – Ieuda / Yahuwdah. As a result, Jews would go from being irrelevant to being an irritant, from an irritant to pariah, and from pariah to despised and subhuman adversary destined for systematic eradication.

As we know, Tiberius didn’t accept the Pater Patriae – Father of Fathers title, largely because of his animosity toward his adopted father, Augustus. But the list of Romans who bore the title of Pope reads like Hell’s heroes: Caligula (in 37 CE), Claudius (42), Nero (55), Vespasian (70), Titus (79), Domitian (81), Trajan (98), Hadrian (128), Commodus (177), Diocletian (284), and Constantine (307) as the founder of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church.

While we have traversed much of this landscape previously, since Roman governance, its religion and legions fostered the culture required for Christianity to take root and grow, it behooves us to reviewing Rome’s transition from monstrous Empire to beastly Church. And while doing so, our focus should not just be on moral decay and wanton disregard for liberty and life, but also on how these men served as prototypes for the Towrahless One who grows of the legacy of Rome. In each life, Satan’s influence is exposed and the Adversary’s future schemes are disclosed. So this review isn’t just about how the environment that cultivated an uprooted religion was established, but also to provide a window into the character of those who rise to power and do Satan’s bidding.

In this regard, Tiberius was the second of many devilish men who turned Rome into Satan’s abode for wayward children. He would make his world pay for the abuse he suffered at the hand of Caesar Augustus, his adoptive father and tormentor. Revealing his character at the inception of his reign, rather than compensating the army for protecting Rome, Tiberius had his legions pillage for profit, instructing his soldiers to enrich themselves through plunder. The scheme turned Rome into a bankrupt society and immoral killing machine – one that would soon ravage and spoil Yahowah’s land and people with national impunity. In Rome it became customary, even patriotic, to be in overt opposition to everything God professes and desires. And within a few hundred years, the same would hold true of Christianity – a Roman religion predicated on these very same animosities.

In this vein, in 19 CE, when Yahowsha’ as a stone mason was building homes for His people in the Promised Land, Tiberius began positioning Jews as unworthy to live alongside Romans, banishing them from Rome. Then stealing sons from their fathers, the Emperor conscripted Jewish men into his army, taking them away from their land, robbing them of their freedom, and forcing them to serve the Beast for most of their lives.

Thereafter, Tiberius must have come to hate the culture he has fostered because he went into self-imposed exile. Entertaining himself by torturing his subjects his secluded “Villa Jovis – Home of Jupiter” on the Island of Capri, the Empire was left to Lucius – the Latin equivalent of Lucifer. This occurred at the same time that Yahowchanan the Immerser cried out in the wilderness to prepare for the arrival of the one who comes in the name of Yahowah. It was an amazing contrast, one underscored by the fact that several years later, just after Lucius was executed, Yahowsha’ was tempted by Satan.

Tacitus described Tiberius’s madness circa 33 CE, the same year Yahowsha’ was crucified by the Roman Empire: “Executions were now a stimulus to his fury, and he ordered the death of all who were lying in prison under accusation of complicity with Lucius. There lay, singly or in heaps, the unnumbered dead of every age and sex, the illustrious with the obscure. Family and friends were not allowed to be near them, to weep over them, or even to gaze on them.” (Tacitus, Annals, VI, page 19)

Tacitus concluded that Tiberius was a model of hypocrisy, the very embodiment of evil. Lurking in the shadows and hiding from the light, he became infamous for his cruelty and debauchery. As he indulged his own inclinations, he devalued the life and liberty of others. And that makes this comparison between earthly contemporaries, Yahowsha’ and Tiberius, one of absolutes: of good vs. evil, of freedom vs. enslavement, of mercy vs. vindictiveness, of life vs. death, of relationship or estrangement, of a loving family or child abuse, of light vs. darkness, of Yahowah versus the Beast.

Satan’s next pawn was Caligula. He is a fascinating study because he was empowered for just three and a half years – the same length of time the “Antichrist” will reign supreme. And as will be the case with the Towrahless One, initially Caligula was hailed as “Our Star” by the adoring crowds who accepted him as if he were a god. But then as his actions came to define him, most every historical source ultimately portrayed Caligula as arrogant, self-indulgent, unreliable, irrational, and sadistic. He was sexually perverted in addition to being a megalomaniacal tyrant. Therefore in the life of this man we witness Rome becoming the very incarnation of the Adversary.

Providing a preview of the tactics that will be deployed by the Torahless One of the Tribulation, Caligula grew in power through appeasement, endearing himself to the rich and poor alike through a variety of ill-advised monetary schemes. Of these foolhardy economic policies, the Christian historian, Cassius Dio, wrote: “though delighting the rabble, it grieved the sensible who stopped to reflect...resulting in many disasters.” And all the while, Caligula promoted lavish spectacles for the public’s entertainment – all to keep the masses distracted. We should expect the same from his reincarnation during the Last Days.

After rising from the precipice of death, the young Emperor became diabolical monster. Paranoid, Caligula had those closest to him killed, including everyone he perceived a threat. And while I don’t suspect he had drones, without so much as an indictment or trial, Caligula began executing his subjects far and wide without the pretence of judicial process. Fear became a powerful tool to goad the populous into submission. Humankind is destined to experience the sting of this strategy once again. In fact, the fundamentalist Islamic gang known as Boko Haram is deploying this tactic in Nigeria with enormous effect today as is the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, paralyzing the population.

As we have learned, the Emperor’s liberal monetary and spending policies, which had been designed to garner political support, exhausted the treasury. In three years, Rome went from a surplus of three billion sesterces to a deficit nearly that large. This strategy of increasing dependency upon the government through entitlements to illicit greater influence and control over people’s lives will play the most pivotal role in the rise of the Towrahless One, enabling him to subdue the world by manipulating everyone’s wallet.

In the midst of the financial crisis he created, Caligula began falsely accusing the rich. He confiscated the earnings, savings, and businesses of the most productive Romans, eventually killing them to seize their estates. He justified his duplicity and thievery by saying that it was necessary to resolve the national debt. But confiscating the acquired wealth of the richest Romans wasn’t nearly enough. So before the invention of fiat money and the smoke and mirrors of the Federal Reserve’s Quantitative Easing, in order to forestall bankruptcy, Caligula compelled the public to lend the state money. Then he levied taxes on lawsuits, on marriages, and of course on prostitution. Next, Caligula began auctioning the lives of the gladiators at the Circus. Wills that left anything of value to anyone other than the Emperor were reinterpreted, granting all assets to Caligula instead. Even the Legion’s Centurions who had stolen property during their sanctioned plundering raids were now forced to turn over their spoils to the state. Civil servants were accused of incompetence and embezzlement and were forced to reimburse the treasury. In all of these ways, Caligula became a prototype for the “Antichrist.”

As a direct result of his foolhardy liberal monetary and economic policies, Rome was besieged by a famine. Once production was penalized and economic success essentially criminalized, there was no longer an incentive to grow or transport foodstuffs. Caligula then seized the idled means to transport grain imports and distributed food to those who swore loyalty to him. For Romans it was now: capitulate or starve – a harbinger of the economic consequence of rejecting the mark of the beast in 2030.

Although the Empire was bankrupt, Caligula further indebted his people to complete the grandiose Temple of Augustus, promoting the kind of patriotic devotion expressed through the American Temples, Shrines, and Monuments to chiseled and larger-than-life representations of Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, Roosevelt, and King. Then to garner an additional aura of prestige for the highest office in the land, Caligula expanded his Imperial Palace. He also funded the construction of an enormous public Circus. This is particularly relevant because it connects the Roman Empire with the Roman Church. Pope and Emperor Caligula had an Egyptian obelisk erected in the middle of his amphitheater. Today, that same Obelisk sits in the middle of the Vatican’ circular courtyard. It isn’t, however, the largest pagan monument in Rome. Constantine’s son, Constantius II, removed a two-hundred-thirty ton obelisk from the Temple of Amun in Karnak to decorate the Circus Maximus in 357 CE, shortly after Christianity became the dominant religion of Rome. Today, that same tribute to the sun-god Amun Ra stands proudly outside of the Apostolic Palace of the Lateran, the ancient Roman palace which now serves as the papal residence. It is, of course, covered in hieroglyphics, all paying homage to the Egyptian pantheon. Amazingly, this tribute to paganism doesn’t seem to bother Roman Catholics.

By 40 CE, Caligula began implementing policies making religion and politics indistinguishable in Rome – with Caligula playing the amalgamating role. He waltzed about Rome dressed as a variety of gods and demigods, including Hercules, Mercury, Venus and Apollo. He even began referring to himself as deity when meeting with politicians. He adopted the name Jupiter – although he favored being worshipped as “Neos Helios – the New Sun.” A sacred precinct replete with massive temple was devoted to Caligula in the Forum. As is the case with Satan and will be the case with the Beast, the Emperor wanted his subjects to worship him. Seeking to satiate his ego, Caligula would make regular appearances in his temple, thereby encouraging public worship. He even had the heads removed from the statues of the many gods erected throughout Rome, replacing them with his own bust. On coins minted during his brief reign, his likeness was set above a script that announced that he was the Egyptian sun god Amen Ra. Every aspect of this delusional megalomania mirrors we should expect of the Towrahless One during the last three-and-a-half years of the Tribulation.

As will be the case with the Beast, Caligula left his fingerprints all over Yisra’el. He was particularly fond of Herod Agrippa, who he promoted to governor. Unfortunately, their affinity seems to have stimulated Caligula’s paranoia and driven his superiority complex, while exacerbating deep-seated hatred of Jews. As a result, he began antagonizing the Chosen People, with heavy doses of Greek culture while suppressing them with the imposition of Roman Law. Since Roman elitists like Caligula adored Greek culture, philosophy, and religion, especially Gnosticism, these influences polluted the Promised Land, ultimately influencing the religious fundamentalists and political liberals in Judea. Members of both communities embraced many Hellenistic ideals while they chafed against others – creating a constant tension between sectarians and secularists, a fracture Rome exploited to resolve both upcoming revolts.

To curry favor with Caligula and avoid his deadly wrath, Roman vassals like Flaccus in Egypt started placing monstrous statues of the Emperor inside of Jewish synagogues, beginning in Alexandria. But event that wasn’t sufficient. Suspecting an ulterior motive, in 38 CE Caligula sent Agrippa to Alexandria unannounced to check on Flaccus. According to Philo, the visit was met with jeers from the Greek population who saw Agrippa as the king of the Jews whom the viewed as despicable. Moreover, the Greeks were fond of Flaccus because they knew that he was tormenting Jews by placing Caligula’s likeness in their synagogues. This racial and religious friction ultimately served as the catalyst igniting the initial Judean revolt. Riots erupted throughout Alexandria with Jews blaming Greeks for the blasphemy and Greeks accusing Jews of treason. Caligula responded by executing Flaccus – which further empowered Agrippa and thereby irritated Greeks all the more.

Capitalizing on Caligula’s penchant for conspiracy theories, the following year, Agrippa accused Herod Antipas, the Tetrarch of Galilee, of planning a rebellion against Roman rule. As a result, Caligula had him exiled, rewarding Agrippa with his territories. But that just stirred the pot. Even more deadly riots erupted shortly thereafter, with Jews accused of heresy and treason once again for failing to worship the emperor and his gods. In response, Caligula ordered a massive statue of himself to made and then placed inside the Temple of Yahowah in Yaruwshalaim. This was nothing less than a declaration of war between Rome and Yisra’el. The Towrahless One of the Tribulation will reprise the same ploy with the same result.

The reason that Agrippa’s accusations that Herod Antipas was planning a rebellion appeared plausible is largely because of the animosity between Jews and Greeks in Alexandria after Yisra’elites systematically destroyed some of their pagan alters in retaliation for their role in encouraging the placement of Caligula’s likeness as a god in Jerusalem. Knowing that erecting such statues would bring war, Publius Petronius, the governor of Syria, delayed implementing Caligula’s order for nearly a year. Thereafter, Agrippa finally convinced Caligula to rescind his obnoxious decree. But the damage had been done. Yahuwdah was a powder keg ready to explode. Rebellions became commonplace, with protests occurring in 46 and continued through 48 CE.

The historians Philo of Alexandria and Seneca the Younger described the man who put this hideous calamity in motion much like Paul defined himself: as an insane and self-absorbed, angry, arrogant, and murderous, as a man who indulged in too much spending and self-gratification. None of this, however, seemed to bother the Romans at the time because they had become accustomed to similarly perverted politicians, priests, generals, and aristocrats. That is until Caligula’s announcement to the Senate that he would be leaving Rome permanently so that he could move to Alexandria, Egypt to be worshiped as a living god. That was over the top, even for Romans. So the Senate did what it did best – plan the Emperor’s assassination. Similarly, and less than twenty years from now, shortly after he announces that he is god, insiders will plot to kill the Towrahless One.

Caligula’s successor, Claudius, dealt with the riots that his predecessor’s policies had inspired by abusing the victims of Rome’s arrogance. He forbade Jews from emigrating to Alexandria. He also expelled Jews from Rome. This pagan fundamentalist found their public bickering regarding the identity of “Chrestus” irritating. Fascinating, however, as a passable historian, Claudius added the letters W and Y to the Latin alphabet to convey sounds found in Aramaic, and thus Hebrew. But unfortunately, these contributions to properly transliterating Yahowah’s name in Latin didn’t survive his reign.

According to Josephus, the noted Jewish traitor turned historian, the final insult which provoked the Great Rebellion occurred when pagan Greek merchants sold and then sacrificed birds in honor the Greek pantheon in front of a synagogue in Caesarea in 66 CE, rendering it unclean. Rome didn’t intervene, allowing Hellenistic animosity towards Jews to fester. In retaliation, one of the Temple’s clerks, Eliezar ben Hanania, ceased performing the required prayers and sacrifices to the Roman Emperor. Protests over taxation followed, especially after Nero increased each province’s tribute payments to fund his new palace – which was nothing less than a shrine to his ego.

Meanwhile, Judah was divided. In addition to the secular and sectarian conflict between the politically liberal Sadducees and the religiously conservative Pharisees, Torah-observant Yahuwdym were coming to acknowledge Yahowsha’ in considerable numbers. And while they were not “Christians,” these Followers of the Way were persecuted by the Empire because they would not swear an oath of allegiance or worship pagan gods, while at the same time oppressed by the Rabbis because they rejected their interpretations and authority. Exacerbating these tensions, by actually equating Yahowsha’, a man, to God, these the Towrah-observant Yisra’elites became public enemy number one throughout an Empire where the only men who could be considered gods were Emperors.

Therefore, with the Pharisees enraged by the Greek religious sacrilege to their synagogue, with the Sadducees chafing at Roman Law, and with the Followers of the Way uniquely opposed to both of these secular and sectarian institutions, it was open season on Jews in every place influenced by Greece or Rome. This hostility never subsided, even when the Empire transitioned into the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox Church. From the time of Tiberius and continuing with Caligula, with Claudius and Nero, and thereafter with Constantine and Theodosius, the Chosen People were persona non grata – as was their God, His Towrah, His Covenant, His Meeting Times, and His Land.

As a consequence, the religion that grew out of a letter written to Romans at this time by a Roman, by necessity required total submission to the beastly Roman regime and complete rejection of everything Yahowah values. Had Paul taken any other approach, he and his new faith would have been summarily rejected by Greeks and Romans – the very people he sought to influence. The entire purpose of this, our second pass through Greek and Roman history, has been to gain the realization that Christianity is wholly distinct and completely incompatible with Yahowah, His Towrah, Covenant, Meeting Times, and Land because had it not been, it would not exist.

These insights are also important because in 64 CE when the Great Fire swept through Rome, Emperor Nero blamed these same Covenant-embracing Jews, called Chrestuaneos (meaning “good and useful implements prepared for service) – the followers of Chrestus – who was perceived to be a noncompliant Yahuwd who had been put to death for claiming to be God. Writing about this jaundiced perspective, the historian Tacitus reported: “All human efforts and propitiations of the gods did not banish the sinister belief that the fire was the result of an order [from Nero]. Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Chrestuaneos by the populous. Chrestus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilate.” He was burning the Children of the Covenant, not Christians. Rome’s ire was directed at Yahowah’s Chosen People, not at the cult of Paul.

Ever since Tiberius attempted to cleanse his city of Jews, with Caligula, Claudius, and Nero being equally anti-Semitic, the Emperor’s scapegoat was despised because Towrah-observant Yahuwdym and Talmud-compliant Pharisees were the only people unwilling to worship the Roman gods and the Roman Emperors as god. It was an insult their fragile egos could not endure. And this did not change when emperors became popes.

So long as a vanquished race or region accepted Roman institutions, neither the Empire nor the Church cared how many other pagan customs the people celebrated. In fact, the Empire and Church gained constituents and converts by amalgamating the religious traditions of those they conquered. But there was one place where one race acknowledged only one God. And that God was unique. He was not only real, He was had provided a very specific set of instructions on how to engage in a relationship with Him. Especially important, this God was loving, and therefore jealous, and would not share His children with a deity or institution of man’s making. And that was not acceptable to the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire, or the Roman Catholic Church. This conflict was further exasperated by this God’s prerequisite for engaging in a relationship with Him, which was to walk away from the very political and religious associations the Empire and Church were establishing.

Noting that the number associated with mankind is six, immediately preceding its destruction of Yaruwshalaim and the Temple of Yahowah, the Roman census acknowledged six million citizens. The year was 66 CE. Also interesting, during the impending siege, Rome will crucify six-thousand Yahuwdym.

Prior to Nero, Roman Procurators over Judea granted a partial exemption from pagan rights, from images of gods on coins, from statues of gods in sensitive places, and even from Sunday worship. That changed, however, when Nero appointed Gessius Florus. He set the Great Revolt in motion by stealing from the Temple treasury in 66 CE, then murdering the Yisra’elites who exposed and condemned his crime. Gessius also rendered the Temple unclean when he directed uncircumcised Roman troops to steal seventeen talents from its treasury – an account used to aid widows and orphans. Mocking him, the population jokingly began passing around baskets in a feigned attempt to collect donations for Gessius, as if he were impoverished. The Roman Procurator responded by raiding Jerusalem and arresting civil and religious leaders – most all of whom were flogged and then crucified. Outraged, various religious and political factions throughout the Judean Province crafted improvised arms and attacked the Roman military garrison, quickly overpowering them.

Rather than apologize for the mercurial behavior of the Roman Gessius and stand up against these crimes, King Agrippa II and his sister, together with Roman officials, fled the capital. Given the opportunity, Yisra’elites cleansed the country of all vestiges of the Roman Empire – removing all of its religious, political, and military symbols. And in Rome, Nero, who was noted for duplicity, debauchery, and extravagance was nearing the end of his life and reign – and was thus unresponsive.

Nero is often blamed for having lit Rome afire to expand his palace and for having turned people into torches to illuminate his gardens, but neither are likely true. And while we are clearing away some myths, he did not “fiddle while Rome burned.” It’s an anachronism, not only because of the preference for the lyre at the time, but also because there were no fiddles in first-century Rome. Along these line, there are those who consider Nero the ultimate prototype for the “Antichrist,” largely because he is charged with burning Christians. But as we have discovered there were no Christians during his reign.

That known, there are aspects of Nero’s life which mimic the Beast to come. He lived in a whirlwind of conspiracies, all of which he sought to resolve through execution. By example, when visiting kings came to Rome to pay their respects to Nero, if they claimed noble descent, the insecure pontiff would wail: “Let there be only one Lord and one King,” speaking, of course, about himself. The Towrahless One of the Tribulation will also seek preeminence, and he will think nothing of eliminating perceived rivals. Similarly presumptuous, Paul, who was conniving and murderous by his own admission, at this very same time was declaring: let there be only one apostle for the Greeks and Romans.

Nero inherited the throne at seventeen after his mother, Agrippina, poisoned Claudius, his lame and innocuous predecessor, with laced mushrooms. A mean spirited momma’s boy, Nero constantly insulted Claudius’s memory, joking that he “played the fool among mortals.” The murdering mother, serving as a prototype for the Christian “Mother of God” was omnipresent, by her deified son in statues, eye to eye on coins, and sitting in an accompanying throne during official functions.

All the while, Nero grew to hate his wife Octavia, entering into an indiscrete affair with a slave. Then, once he tired of the captive coietus, he tried adultery, becoming romantically entwined with Sabina, the wife of his friend and future Emperor, Otho. And since Agrippina objected, Nero killed his mother, calling it a suicide. Then, ever the hypocrite, Nero divorced Octavia for infidelity. When she complained, he had her executed. Evidently hard to please, he kicked Sabina to death. But then evidently developing post mortem taste for necrophilia, he had her body stuffed with spices and embalmed. Looking for alternative means of satisfaction, Nero selected a young castrated by named Sporus from his household staff and married him. And all of this is germane to the Beast who will be similarly perverted and unfaithful.

As we have learned, Nero was bequeathed with the “Pontifex Maximus – Pope” title, joining the legendary Romulus, Furius Camillus (386 BCE), Tullius Cicero (63 BCE), Julius Caesar (45 BCE), Augustus (2 BCE), Caligula (37 CE), Claudius (42 CE), Nero (55 CE), Vespasian (70 CE), Titus (79 CE), Domitian (81), Nerva (96 CE), Trajan (98), Hadrian (128), Antoninus Pius 139 CE), Marcus Aurelius (166 CE), Commodus (177), Septimius (193 CE), Caracalla (199 CE), Elagabalus (218 CE), and Diocletian (284) – the ultimate bad boys of Rome. The last to receive it was Constantine (307) as the founder of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church. This legacy does not bode well for apologists attempting to disassociate their Church from the Empire.

Nero was obsessed with his popularity which is why he reduced the federal tax rate from 4.5% to a paltry 2.5% on Roman citizens. Then he subsidized food costs for those living in the capital. During the Great Fire, Nero was seen trying to find and save victims of the blaze, often shifting through the rubble with his own hands. He opened his own palaces to provide shelter for the homeless. He participated in planning the new Rome, with wide boulevards and homes built of brick, each with their own porticos. He even provided financial relief for those who lost their homes and businesses.  Yet it wasn’t all altruistic. Nero also built a grand new palace complex for himself in one of the areas cleared by the fire. It included several hundred acres of lush landscapes and a one-hundred foot tall bronze statue of himself that was covered in gold. He called it the Colossus Neronis because it was designed to present Nero as Sol, the sun god.

So to finance its construction during a time of lower taxation on Roman citizens, Nero imposed heavy tributes upon every province within the Empire. This project, as well as the means to fund it, have foreboding implications. The stratified tax policy predicated upon status will likely be imposed by the Beast, who will also spend lavishly on reconstruction. Similarly, we should expect the Towrahless One to emulate Nero (and later Hitler) in taking a personal role in the construction of his new capital. Moreover, the dramatic increase in taxes demanded from the provinces to fund this celebration of human extravagance contributed substantially to the rebellion in Yahuwdah that would follow.

While Rome was on the cusp of destroying Yahowah’s Home in Yaruwshalaim, Nero was busy embellishing the most costly personal residence the Earth had ever known. His Golden House Nero was constructed to overlook his Golden Colossus. It even featured an astonishing new technology. Nero’s palace was the first Roman building constructed with concrete. But over this gray skeleton, the walls were covered in gold leaf while many ceilings were veneered in ivory and bejeweled in dazzling gemstones to represent the stars. The images of fellow gods and goddesses were on display at every turn. Nero even designed vaulted ceilings to revolve like the heavens above him. His floors were covered in mosaics, a technique which was extensively copied in Christian cathedrals throughout Rome and Constantinople, inspiring a fundamental aspect of Church art.

Nero devalued the Roman currency, reducing the weight of the Denarius from 3.85 grams of silver to 3.35 grams. He also reduced the purity of the silver from 99.5 to 93.5%. And all the while, with the Roman economy contracting, Nero continued promoting public works and charitable entitlements. This is the same recipe we should expect from the “Antichrist.”

It was Nero, the man who would be god, that first dispatched Legions to quiet the riots brewing in the Province of Ieuda / Judah. The first to arrive and secure the increased tribute demanded by Nero to finance his Golden home and colossus was the Twelfth Thunderbolt Legion with a total of thirty-thousand troops under the command of Cestius Gallus, the Legate of Syria. In typical Roman fashion, he began murdering those reluctant to pay their “fair share,” murdering 8,400 defenseless civilians in Caesarea, Jaffa, Narbata, Sipporis, and Lydda. But in Geba, Yisra’elites armed with farm implements and kitchen utensils managed to kill five hundred Roman troops.

Gallus retreated, fleeing to the coast where his XII Legion was ambushed and routed during the Battle of Beth Horon, leaving six-thousand Romans dead, thousands more wounded, and their Aqila / Eagle lost. Second only in carnage to what the Germanic tribes inflicted in the forest ambush, it was the worst defeat the Roman Empire had ever suffered in one of its provinces at the hands of a civilian militia. Gallus abandoned his troops as the survivors fled in disarray to Syria. But that would not be the last Yisra’el would see of this wounded beast.

Emperor Nero replaced Gallus with Vespasian, assigning his son, Titus, second in command. They were given four Legions to crush the life out of the Iudaean Province, with the X Fretensis and V Macedonica arriving in April 67 CE. Titus then brought the XV Apollinaris from Alexandria. It was combined with the troops under King Agrippa’s control, collectively bringing sixty-thousand soldiers to pulverize the Promised Land. The rage of the Beast of Rome was focused on Yisra’el, hating what Yahowah loved.

Back in Rome, Nero’s megalomania became an insurmountable problem, prompting rivals to vie for position in March 68 CE, when the Gallic Province which covered most of northern France, also rebelled against Nero’s tax and tribute policies. But with five Legions dedicated to killing Jews, there were insufficient forces to subdue these protestors, resulting in a variety of conspiracies to assassinate Nero – the reason behind the insurrections. On June 9th, 68 CE Nero took his own life. The elitists he and his predecessor had betrayed and plundered celebrated his death while the lower classes who were beneficiaries of his fabulous excesses, bemoaned the news. It was a lesson learned and a strategy often repeated: rob the rich to indulge the poor and most people will adore you, even if the welfare state bankrupts the nation, devalues its currency, and precipitates war. And such was the case in Rome. Galba and Otho followed Nero, becoming Emperor and then dead in a matter of months, triggering a third Civil War.

Vitellius, the commander of the Rhine Legions, was next. He advanced on Rome with visions of grandeur. After a series of battles and political maneuvers he claimed the throne. But Vespasian, in command of five Legions, solicited the support of others. He pursued and then executed Vitellius. And while this kind of chaos was now standard fare for the military state of Rome, it meant that Vespasian would leave the destruction of Yahuwdah to his son, Titus.

Since we have detailed the Roman siege of Jerusalem and the fragmented nature of Israel at the time, suffice it to say for now, Titus was savage. Starvation became sport while crucifixion became a form of public entertainment. Life meant nothing in the Roman occupied Province of Judaea.

Rome instigated the revolt, and then ransacked and plundered Yaruwshalaim. Yahowah’s Temple was destroyed. The Romans not only celebrated their achievement, they used the spoils to build the Roman Coliseum – the most carnal amphitheater on earth. In the Temple Yahowah celebrated life and relationships. In the Coliseum Romans celebrated conquest and death. Christianity was estranged from the former and in league with the latter.

While many hundreds of thousands of Yisra’elites were murdered and enslaved in 70 CE, forty years later there were a modicum of Jews living around the Mediterranean. But they were not happy. In Diaspora, they were righteously indignant. And at the dawn of the second century, it is said that they initiated revolts in Cyrene, Cyprus, and Egypt, allegedly killing some Romans to avenge the deaths of their countrymen and destruction of their homeland. And while they would have been more than justified had they held Romans and Greeks accountable for their butchery, Constantinian era Christian theologians like Orosius exaggerated the scope of the Jewish protests to further demonize Jews on behalf of the emerging religion. As Pauline / Nicaean Christianity became militarized and then politicized, there is indisputable evidence that Greeks And Romans became increasingly prejudiced against Yahowah’s Chosen People, largely as a result of the growing popularity of Paul’s letters among Gentiles.

In response to what had been done to them, Yisra’elites began desecrating Roman and Greek temples to Jupiter, Apollo, Artemis, and Isis – which is to say: they pointed out that the gods were no livelier than the stone from which they were carved. For this “crime,” the Roman and Christian apologist Dio Cassius resorted to fanciful revisionism and grotesque exaggeration, claiming: “Meanwhile the Jews in the region of Cyrene had put one Andreas at their head and were destroying both the Romans and the Greeks. They would cook their flesh, make belts for themselves of their entrails, anoint themselves with their blood, and wear their skins for clothing. Many they sawed in two, from the head downwards. Others they would give to wild beasts and force still others to fight as gladiators. In all, consequently, two hundred and twenty thousand perished. In Egypt, also, they performed many similar deeds, and in Cyprus under the leadership of Artemio. There, likewise, two hundred and forty thousand perished. For this reason no Jew may set foot in that land, but even if one of them is driven upon the island by force of the wind, he is put to death. Various persons took part in subduing these Jews, one being Lusius, who was sent by Trajan.” (Dio’s Rome, Volume V, Book 68, paragraph 32)

We cannot simply dismiss this racist religious rant as irresponsible hyperbole from an isolated individual. Cassius Dio was the son of a Roman Senator and became a Byzantine Consul – the highest elective and appointed office in the Empire. Born as Lucius in Nicaea in 155 CE, not long after the obliteration of the Promised Land, he was heavily influenced by the Council of Nicaea where Christianity immerged out of Gnosticism and the cult of Dionysus. Therefore, his historical musings, while far-fetched, were hardly trivial. Over the course of twenty-two years he composed eighty books detailing the history of Rome, from its legendary founding in 756 BCE up until 229 CE. So while his voice is shrill, while he is prone to revisionist history as a Christian propagandist, his anti-Semite views reflect the prevailing perspective of Romans circa 200 CE.

Similarly, the Spanish priest, Christian theologian, and budding historian, Paulus Orosius, wrote: “The Jews...waged war on the inhabitants throughout Libya in the most savage fashion, and to such an extent was the country wasted that, its cultivators having been slain, its land would have remained utterly depopulated, had not the Emperor Hadrian gathered settlers from other places and sent them thither, for the inhabitants had been wiped out.” (Orosius, Seven Books of History Against the Pagans, 7.12.6) In reality, as a Christian, this Paulus had been indoctrinated by his first-century namesake to hate those Yahowah had chosen. But in reality, Jews at the time had no weapons, no army, no political infrastructure, no rights, and no money. This accounting is no more accurate than the Christian fabrication of “Jesus Christ” founding an anti-Semitic religion.

Since early Christian clerics so substantially reshaped Roman and Church history to serve their agenda, it should be remembered that Orosius, who took the Christian name, Paulus, was one of Augustine’s and Jerome’s associates in addition to being a Roman apologist. In Algeria he met Augustine and contributed to the writing of The City of God – where Rome (in the guise of the Roman Catholic Church) is the New Jerusalem.

In 413 CE, and for the next 13 years, Augustine and Orosius sought to prove that Christianity wasn’t responsible for Rome’s demise, thereby missing the point that Yahowah makes in Dany’el: the Beast of Rome lives on and is now menacing the entire world through the Church. Correct in condemning the greed and decadence of Rome, he was wrong in associating the Roman Church with Christ and Roman Catholicism with the New Jerusalem. God does not have a Church, He hates Rome, and there won’t be a single Roman Catholic in heaven. And so we should not be surprised that Augustine’s conversion experience occurred while reading Paul’s attack on the flesh in Romans.

As we discussed in the last chapter, the fulcrum of Augustine’s world view, and thus the perspective of Roman Catholicism, pivots on removing the presentation of millennial celebration of Sukah and the Shabat found in Revelation 20 and 21 from Yahowsha’s prophetic letters, which overtly condemn the Roman Catholic Church in Revelation 2 and 3, calling it the “seat of Satan.” Augustine also neglected Yahowsha’s explanation of Dany’el 7 through 9 found in Revelation 12 through 19 because He indicted all things Rome – including its Church. As a result, the second half of his book is a romp through a fantasy world of religious musings.

It bears repeating in this context: Augustine, like Paul, was a Gnostic. Just as Paul’s letters present the Gnostic view of the spirit and the flesh, with one being good and the other evil, the actual city of Rome is contrasted with a mythical spiritual construct in The City of God. Augustine was heavily influenced by Manichaeism, the original version of Gnosticism that was founded by the prophet Mani in Sasanian Babylonia. This philosophical belief system was so widespread and influential at the time, it became the basis for Pauline Christianity, also explaining Augustine’s infatuation with Plato, the Greek scholar who popularized Gnosticism among intellectuals. Once again, with Orosius and Augustine, we are tilling the soil upon which Christianity is rooted.

Since Augustine’s The City of God, second only to Paul’s letters, is the most influential text in developing Christendom, I’d like to remind you that his Doctrine of Predestination renders life meaningless. His Doctrine of the Trinity was pilfered from Babylon. And his Doctrine of Amillennialism was plagiarized from the Gnostics. This jaundiced perspective, which is the antithesis of Yahowah’s promise, was advanced because Augustine was opposed to the Shabat, to the Miqra’ey, to the Towrah, to the Covenant, and to Yahowah’s six plus one formula, as well as to what Yaruwshalaim and Eden represent. With Augustine, all of these things were replaced by the Roman Catholic Church, making them superfluous in what is now known as “Replacement Theology.” In Augustine’s twisted mind, the millennium commenced the day the Christian Church was conceived and it was synonymous with the advent of Roman Catholicism.

As we learned in the previous chapter, The City of God distinguishes between paganism and Christianity, when in reality most every material aspect of the Christian religion has pagan roots. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church grew through syncretism, by combining complementary and contradictory mythologies that were practiced by the different cultures the Church wanted to assimilate.

Also relevant, it was Augustine who sent Orosius to “Palestine” to meet with Jerome in Bethlehem, the author and translator of the Roman Catholic Church’s Latin Vulgate. His purpose was to undermine Augustine’s most effective foe, Pelagius, who recognized that predestination was absurd. Augustine wanted Pelagius dismissed as a heretic for consistently citing the Torah to prove that his assessment was consistent with God’s testimony.

Orosius extraordinarily influential in his own right. His book, History Against the Pagans, presents Christianity’s three-persona Trinity as monotheistic while claiming the Towrah’s pronouncement that Yahowah was one, was somehow pagan, and needed to be corrected. He took this irrational stand because purpose of his book was to claim that the replacement of Judaism with Christianity was divine. Evidently unaware that Rome was Yisra’el’s most formidable adversary and hated by God, he associated the evil Empire with Jews, obviously ignorant of their status as the Chosen People. Collectively, these erroneous Christian assertions help explain why the religion whose “Bible” includes the Torah, Prophets, and Psalms could be so universally adverse to everything associated with its Author, His People, and His Land.

While Trajan was out conquering Nisibis in today’s Turkey and then Seleucia in modern Iraq, no matter how deadly his Legions became, the man proved mortal, dying from heatstroke after an egotistical speech delineating his accomplishments. The irony is delicious.

Nothing changed. While Trajan was replaced by Aelia Hadrian, the Beast remained equally adversarial toward Yisra’el. Almost immediately, Emperor Hadrian had Lusius Quietus, the grizzled Roman general, Senator, and Governor of Iudaea in 117CE executed because allegedly he hadn’t been sufficiently harsh on the surviving Jews. And yet this assumption is unsupportable since Quietus was so instrumental in suppressing diasporic Jews the previous year, the conflict is now known as “Kitos War,” bearing the Governor’s name. So while the motives are not known, the facts are clear. After crushing the rebellious Jews and methodically annihilating every Yisra’elite in opposition to Rome Lusius Quietus was killed. So perhaps a more reasonable explanation is that since killing Jews had become so popular with Romans, by having murdered far more of them than Hadrian, Quietus was perceived as a potential rival. He was then eliminated, which is how paranoid and murderous Romans played politics.

Wanting to endear himself to his equally despicable subjects, Hadrian began planning a final solution to the Jewish problem. But to accomplish his objective, and to prevail in a way to leave a lasting legacy, to be known as the man most adversarial to God, he would need to gather resources and eliminate distractions. To that end, he withdrew his troops from Mesopotamia and garrisoned Legio VI Ferrata in Caesarea, a harbor town on the Mediterranean coast in northern Ieuda / Judea.

And while that was no doubt irritating and indeed fearsome and foreboding, it was insufficient. A grand deception would be required to entice wandering Jews back into the land from which they had been expelled. So just as a hunter lures his prey into his trap, Hadrian publicly appeared sympathetic to his intended victims. He encouraged Jews to return home to Jerusalem with the promise that they would be allowed to rebuild the Temple his predecessors so hastily destroyed. What’s worse, Yisra’elites believed him.

But as the expectations of the returning Yisra’elites rose, and as they fanaticized about the prospects of rebuilding the Temple, Aelia Hadrian sprung his trap. He arrived on the Temple Mount and announced his actual plan, which was instead to rename Yaruwshalaim: Aelia Capitolina – making it a Shrine to Hadrian. Yahowah’s City of Reconciliation would become a vacation home for Legionaries – for beastly savages. Its broad avenues and urban grid would be laid out in Roman style, replete with fabulous piazzas, mercantile forums, and luxurious baths. In addition to announcing that Aelia Hadrian was god, there would be lesser shrines built for regional deities along with a grand Capitolina for the Trinity of the Roman pantheon: Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva – with the Best and Greatest Capitolina for Jupiter set in the heart of the Temple Mount. The goddess Venus would be similarly honored, with her shrine situated so strategically, it would later become the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. It may have been Satan’s most joyous moment. He would finally be “above the Most High” – at least from the Beast’s perspective.

With his plan revealed, and Jews now gathered together in his trap, Hadrian waited for them to riot so that he could respond by crushing the life out of them. And as we now know, the intended consequence of Hadrian’s final solution was the Third Roman War against Judea – a time when every city in Yisra’el would be laid waste, when over half a million Yisra’elites would be bludgeoned to death, and when every emaciated survivor would be sold in the Roman slave markets. The Promised Land would be depopulated – disinfected in Hadrian’s twisted mind.

For one thousand eight hundred years thereafter, the Roman assault on Yahuwdah remained the most horrific genocide ever perpetrated against a nation, religion, or race. And it pains me to note that Jews were baited into being victims by one of the most depraved men and corrupt empires the world has ever known.

Rome’s battle against God, His People, and His Land was waged to impose the Roman way, to establish its political and religious authority, to prove its military might and to perpetuate its economic interests. The world would see in this place that even God couldn’t defy Rome. To mark the occasion, Hadrian minted a coin inscribed “Aelia Capitolina” in 132 CE, just as the people’s indignation boiled over. These events set the stage for Christianity – a politicized religion which would inspire military and economic dominance and absolute obedience. No one, not even God, would be able to resist the authority of the Roman Church.

In early 131 CE Senator Rufus presided over the foundation ceremony for Aelia Capitolina, officially announced Rome’s decision to rename, reshape, and repurpose Yaruwshalaim to serve the Empire. It was a dress rehearsal for Christianity.

And since the Covenant is a marriage vow, Senator Rufus was the first to prove that Romans would do things differently. He was a sexual pervert who found great pleasure in raping Jewish women. Hadrian knew this, which is why he was appointed.

According to Yahowah and Yahowsha’, Jewish religious leaders were disgusting hypocrites, but they were veritable saints compared to the scum currently denigrating Jewish women, Yaruwshalaim, and the Temple in this way. But there would be more. Demonstrating his animosity toward Yahowah and His Covenant, Hadrian, a Hellenist, abolished circumcision – effectively nullifying God’s family and the means to salvation.

Greeks and Romans, like the Babylonians and Persians before them, like Satan for that matter, considered the rest of the world inferior. As such, they were constantly irritated by Yisra’elites, who as God’s Chosen People, were unwilling to bow before such pervasive political and religious prejudice. Therefore, their every peculiarity, and especially circumcision, was viewed as a barbaric – and for no other reason than to demonize them. Playing into this prejudice, Romans and Greeks were typically bisexual, and as lustful libertines they were enamored with the male genitalia. So they both considered circumcision a form of mutilation. This then explains in part why, Paul, a Roman speaking to Greeks and writing to Romans, was so opposed to it. His audience agreed with him. But sadly for them, God didn’t, and His view is the only one that matters.

We must never lose sight of the fact that while Yahowah will always love His people and land, he hates the religion that His people conceived and promoted in His land. He was and remains a bigger foe of Judaism than was Rome. So He abstained from this fight, allowing His creation to do it their way.  

As we know, a special reservation was made in hell for Rabbi Akiba, the man opposing Rome. He was currently knee deep promoted the myth that a local thug, Simon Bar Kosiba, whom he renamed Bar Kokhba (“Son of a Star” in Aramaic), was ha Mashiach, and would therefore defeat Rome. Only he wasn’t. And false hope is among the cruelest of human proclivities. Just because 133 CE would be a Yowbel Year, one within a century of Year 4000 Yah, didn’t mean that this would be the year when slaves would be freed and land returned.

Like most things in Rabbinic Judaism, Akiba’s assertion regarding Bar Kokhba was as phony as his name. But truth seldom matters to the religious. Akiba used his authority to impose his will. Jews would either accept his declaration or die – an unconscionable request for the many Yahuwdym who were now part of the Covenant as a result of Yahowsha’s fulfillment of its Towrah and Miqra’ey one hundred years ago Those who had come to know the actual Ma’aseyah were persecuted by having their fingers cut off when they refused to accept the religious abortion.

But Hadrian wasn’t impressed. He gathered troops from today’s Romania, Hungary, Serbia, Austria, Germany, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Croatia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Macedonia as well as Egypt, Syria, and Britain. It was the largest army ever assembled in the history of the Roman Empire – a total of twelve Legions. Hadrian’s plan to exterminate Jews was working just as he had envisioned.

Every Jewish town was surrounded and the people were starved. When they became too weak to fight, the Romans attacked. Over the course of three agonizing years every village, town, and city in Judea and then Israel antagonized, starved, assaulted, captured, and then eradicated.

As we now know, with nothing to lose against an inhuman foe, even the faint wielding farm paraphernalia and kitchen utensils can be deadly. So great was the resulting carnage on its Legions, Rome was forced to disband the XXII Diotariana due to its irrecoverable losses. The Legio IX Hispana was also dismissed immediately after the war and never heard from again. But defeat was inevitable, and it occurred symbolically on the 9th of Ab, the day Rome had destroyed the Temple in 70 CE.

The Rabbinic accounts detail agonizing tortures, with Rabbi Akiba being flayed. Others were burned alive surrounded a dampened Torah scrolls to prolong the agony and make a statement. This was Rome against Yisra’el, Hadrian in opposition to Yahowah, the Empire versus the Towrah, the Legions battling against the Covenant. And it would continue in like fashion for one thousand nine hundred years as the Emperor and his Empire became the Pope and his Church.

Paving the way for the most popular delusion in human history, Hadrian imposed policies that made Judaism illegal, prohibiting the practice of the Jewish faith anywhere in the Roman Empire. He outlawed the Torah, making its Shabat, its calendar, and its seven Appointed Meetings illegal – as remained the case with circumcision. Every Torah scroll found in Yisra’el was burned upon the Temple Mount. All Hebrew scholars were executed. And Yahowah’s name for His land and people, “Yahuwdah – Related to Yah,” was changed to “Philistia – Palestine” because the Divine Writ they were burning revealed that these long extinct peoples had also been Yisra’el’s adversaries. It was a myth the Roman Church would gleefully perpetuate – even to this day. Anything irritating to God became acceptable to the religion born of the empire.

The Beast had achieved what Satan had long sought to accomplish. The Towrah was now held in the lowest possible esteem – as a book to prolong human agony. Its words were being obliterated, consumed in hateful fires.

You can almost hear Satan thinking...If only a means could be deployed to corrupt the whole world with a religion equally adverse to Yahowah, His Word, His Covenant, His Meeting Times, His Chosen People, and His Promised Land. Even better, what if that Roman religion could bury the truth under a heap of pagan postulates, what if everything could be revised and reinterpreted so that illusions to the truth would make the poison massively appealing. What if a religion holding the same hostilities toward God could emerge from the ashes of this now smoldering empire?

It is the realization of this scheme that now ranks highest among the Adversary’s achievements. He would lead billions astray. The resulting religion would be Christianity, an amalgamation of the worst of Rome’s quest to demonstrate that it was superior, that its gods and popes, its legions and generals, its emperors and empire, were Sol Invictus – the Unconquered Son – the official god of the Roman Emperor, his Legions, and his Empire. A new religion would be born out of the fires of Roman rage against the Towrah and out of its quest to call itself the Most High.

At the site of the Temple, the Aelia Hadrian erected two massive statues, one of himself and the other of Jupiter. Jerusalem would become as he had envisioned, the pagan polis of Aelia Capitolina. Jews were forbidden entry – except on Tisha B’Ab – the date which commemorates the destruction of the Temple at the hands of Romans. Then after Aelia Hadrian wiped Yahuwdah and Yisra’el off of every map, replacing them with the name of an ancient, albeit long extinct foe, Palestina, to further add insult to injury, he salted the land.

As for the man who would be god, the man whose ambitions ignited the war that he then ruthlessly prosecuted, he died in 138 CE. He is in She’owl today. Joining him are his adversaries, the rabbis that foisted the debilitating religious deception upon their own people. And while in opposition to one another, collectively they brought either death or enslavement to most every Jew. The few who escaped the carnage moved to Babylon, writing their Talmud in the heart of the Beast.

It is indeed telling that the three men God may hate the most among a cadre of despicable characters – Paul, Akiba, and Hadrian – the founders of two religions and the man who schemed to be god, all emerged on the world stage during the first century of the fifth millennia of human history. Not long thereafter, Constantine, Theodosius, and Muhammad would join Satan’s dream team as the world devolved into chaos.

Inexplicably, all three men are revered today. Hadrian is considered “the third of the ‘Five Good Emperors’ who ruled justly.” He is best known, not for having destroyed the Promised Land and for having ravaged the Chosen People, but instead for “his substantial building projects throughout the Roman Empire – especially for Hadrian’s Wall in northern Britain, the Temple of Venus and Roma in addition to the Pantheon in Rome, and the Temple of Zeus in Athens.” He was “considered a brilliant administrator who concerned himself with all aspects of government, the justice system, and the discipline of the army.” He was “a noted Humanist and Hellenist.” (Joshua Mark, Ancient.eu.com/Hadrian and Wikipedia.org/wiki/Hadrian)

Rather than renouncing him for promoting a lie that cost the Yisra’elites everything, their freedom, their lives, and their land, Rabbi Akiba grew to become the father of Rabbinic Judaism – the most revered man in the only surviving form of the religion. Bar Kokhba, who embodied his lie, became a symbol of valiant national resistance when he should have become the poster child for false hope. His star, not David’s, remains the symbol of the state.

As for Paul, he remains the most influential Roman, arguably, the most influential man in human history. The religion that he conceived and promoted has led more people away from the truth, from God, than any other.

I shared this with you in the previous chapter, but now it bears repeating. Two Yowbel and two years prior to this historic date in 135 CE, Yahowah through Yahowsha’ affirmed the promises He had made in His Towrah to liberate His children and give them life. And yet now Rome was outlawing His Torah while killing and enslaving His people. Four score and four years prior to the destruction of Yahuwdah, Paul, a Roman citizen and rabbi, the author of half of the Christian New Testament, denounced Yahowah’s Towrah, claiming that it enslaved and could not save. And three score and three years prior to the most despicable crime in human history, the Rome initiated their scheme through a brazen act of common thievery – by robbing the Temple treasury. Rome and the Beast that lives within her sought to claim that which belongs to God, fulfilling, albeit temporarily, Satan’s ultimate objective. In reality, that is all this story has been about – right from the very beginning.

And as I commented previously, it should be noted that the destruction of Yahuwdah was Rome’s final conquest. The Empire was dying. Its wound was self-inflicted. It had become the plague of death.

General Aelia Hadrian became Emperor at the behest of the Roman military at age forty. He reigned for twenty years. He remained devoted to Rome’s Legions throughout his life. He became a consummate politician and skilful master of government. But more than anything, Hadrian was a religious fundamentalist, pursuing the Greek origins of Rome’s pantheon with uncommon devotion. He was well read and well educated, a superlative planner, which is why I’m surprised that so few Jews recognize that he deliberately lured Yisra’elites into a trap with his promises to rebuild Jerusalem. They were played by a master strategist. But then again, Hadrian wasn’t the only religious fundamentalist playing them for fools.

While Hadrian should be best known for his final solution to the Jewish problem, for luring Jews back to Yahuwdah so that he could slaughter them, that is not the case. His notoriety comes from the wall he constructed in Britain as a defensive fortification over the course of six years, beginning in 122 CE – an edifice to hubris which bears his name. It is even a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

According to Hadrian, “Divine instruction told me to keep the Empire intact,” although his biographer wrote: “Hadrian was the first to build a wall eighty miles to separate the Romans from the barbarians.” (Anthony Everitt, 2009, Hadrian and the Triumph of Rome, Random House, page 448) I suspect it was delusional megalomania. The tribes in the Scottish lowlands presented no threat to Roman rule. And the economic viability of constructing and staffing a boundary of this length in a remote, sparsely populated region of an island to stymie small raiding parties was dubious. But here is a tantalizing clue as to why it was built: Hadrian’s lonely wall was whitewashed in gleaming white plaster, creating a shining surface by reflecting his god’s light, causing all who would stumble upon it to reflect the power of Rome. Laughably, there were so few people living in the vicinity, the wall had to be constructed by Roman soldiers in the Second, Sixth, and Twentieth Legions rather than by barbarian slaves. And demonstrating the folly of the exercise, Atoninus Pius, Hadrian’s successor, abandoned the wall, only to build another one hundred miles north, separating Scotland from Ireland. Thereafter, when Marcus Aurelius became emperor, he abandoned Pius’s pile of rocks.

As will be the case with the Towrahless One, Hadrian was a homosexual and a humanist – a man who celebrated men. In this vein, he was preoccupied with Greek culture, literature, philosophy, politics, and religion which is what served as the catalyst for his vendetta against Yahowah, His Torah, people, and land. This adversarial and supremacist affinity was cultured over time by Hadrian’s participation in the Eleusinian Mysteries, where he, himself, became an initiate during his first tour of Greece. The following year, in March 125 CE, Hadrian presided over the Dionysia, the Easter time tribute to Dionysus – the Greek deity upon which the Christian caricature of Jesus Christ was fashioned.

Few things are as conducive to understanding how the myriad of obvious fallacies associated with Christianity came to be accepted by Romans and Greeks, and particularly how the adaptation of Dionysus came to serve as the model for the Christian “Jesus Christ” at the Greco-Roman Counsel of Nicaea, than Hadrian’s promotion of Greek mythology. In this light, it should be known that the Festival of Dionysia, over which Emperor Hadrian officiated, was held over the course of four holy days. Like the Christian Easter, the celebration commenced with the approaching full moon nearest the spring equinox – nine months prior to Dionysus’s birthday on the Winter Solstice. This Greek festival served as the inspiration of the Catholic Holy Week of Easter.

During the first day of the pagan Festival, statues of the Greek god, who the empowered promoted as “the Son” of the sun, were brought into Athens. Once they arrived at the Theatre of Dionysus on the southern slope of the Acropolis, these graven images sculpted in the form of a man were rejected. As a consequence, Dionysus was said to have been severely punished, mirroring the events surrounding the Christian depiction of “Good Friday.” This horrific mutilation of the flesh was said to have plagued the male genitalia, which was then cleansed and cured, saving the people when the preponderance of the population accepted Dionysus and joined his cult by splashing holy water on one another. This served as a symbolic counterfeit for circumcision, the sign of the Covenant, being replaced by baptism based upon the letters Paul had written sixty to eighty years previously.

Faithful pagans acknowledged their devotion to Dionysus by marching in the streets carrying a phallus on poles, not unlike Christians with their pagan crosses. It was a rite also associated with Mercury, the Messenger of the Gods. Chorus leaders, themselves attired like popes and cardinals in the most expensive and ornate robes, carried holy water and wine while leading the religious procession. Bulls, the symbol of the sun and thus god, were sacrificed to suggest that god was dying for the benefit of the faithful. Similarly, Christians would claim that their god died for their sins.

As part of the Eleusinian Mysteries, Dionysus, who was known to Romans as Bacchus, was called the “Liberator” who “frees his faithful from fear and from the oppressive restraints of the laws imposed by the older, established, and more vengeful gods.” This then became synonymous with “Jesus” freeing Christians from Yahowah and His Torah through the Gospel of Grace.

Those who partook in the Dionysian mysteries were believed to be possessed and empowered by the god, himself, which is why the faith was known as a “Cult of Souls.” These pagan devotees were restored to life by feeding on bread, which represented the sacrificed flesh of the dead god. They also drank wine during this divine communion – effectively establishing the tradition upon with the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Eucharist would be based. And keep in mind, this wasn’t ancient history. Emperor Hadrian was officiating over these events long after Paul associated them with his religion.

There are many reasons Paul ascribed Dionysus’s most famous line, “It is difficult to kick against the goad,” to the flashing light he claimed to have seen en route to Damascus. His lord and religion would be based upon him. Consider the fact that Dionysus was the son of Zeus, the Father of the gods. He was a unique persona – in keeping with the notion of a “second person” of the Christian “Trinity.”

In addition, Dionysus was born of a mortal mother – a virgin. Her name was Semele, and she served as the model for Roman Catholic devotion to Mary, the perceived “Mother of God.” This illicit divine/mortal affair is said to have conceived a child who was fully man and fully god, and therefore, the Son of God “upon whom resided the fullness of the godhead” to cite Paul.

But it gets worse. His birth was celebrated by bringing trees into homes during the winter solstice on December 25th, thereby establishing the timing and tradition of Christmas. In addition to his birth, his death and resurrection were worshipped in the Greek religion, holding great mystical significance. In yet another parallel, Dionysus, as tradition would have it, appeared before King Pentheus on charges of claiming divinity, which is comparable to “Jesus” being tried on the same testimony before Pontius Pilate. Then in Rome, the notion that Dionysus was considered innocent was equated to bringing an end to the Law, thereby freeing the faithful from its restraints. Paul, the founder of the Christian religion had author of half of its New Testament, would make the same claim, telling the faithful that they had likewise been freed from the Torah.

More recently, the esteemed philosopher, Nietzsche, claimed that the oldest forms of Greek Tragedy were entirely based upon the suffering of Dionysus – just as is the case with the Christian religion. And in the Roman form, Bacchus, appears in C.S. Lewis’s Prince Caspian, which as part of The Chronicles of Narnia, which according to the Christian scholar, celebrate the life of Christ.

Writing to theologians and politicians, the author of The Prince, Machiavelli, who was the patron of papal supremacy and strategy, placed Hadrian, the man who destroyed Yisra’el and annulled the Torah, the man who through his promotion of Dionysus unified the Greco-Roman experience, among Rome’s five greatest Emperors – a distinction which prevalent even today. British historian Edward Gibbon agreed, and wrote in 1776 that Hadrian’s “vast genius, equity, and moderation” created the “happiest era of human history.” Methinks, God disagrees.

Emperor Hadrian, like today’s Popes, wielded absolute power. He spoke for Roman government and its gods – the very entity Paul told Christians in the 13th chapter of Romans was authorized and empowered by god and to which they must submit. And like his American counterparts, Hadrian served as supreme commander of the military state. Then similar to today’s fascist dictators, he most always dressed for appearances, creating the illusion of being a great General by wearing an elaborate military uniform – replete with ribbons and accolades for heroism.

It is interesting that at the time Trajan became gravely ill following his long speech embellishing his resume, Hadrian, who had served with him during the expedition against Parthia, had not been adopted as Trajan’s heir. And the fact that the document finally affording him this royal distinction was signed by Plotina, Trajan’s widow, suggests that Trajan was dead before Hadrian’s contrived inheritance was facilitated via bribe or threat – a condition made obvious by the fact that Hadrian executed every other Trajan supporter. Although it was simply deadly window dressing because Hadrian secured the support of the Legions – and they had become the purveyors of Roman authority.

Hadrian, however, shied away from Rome, the heart of the Beast, preferring instead to shape the character of the Empire in his image, blending an intoxicating brew of Roman military oppression and patriotic arrogance, of Greek religious myth and political philosophy, all steeped in a rabid hatred for the God, people, and place that wouldn’t submit, acquiescing to his superiority. Hadrian and Rome became one. More than anyone, this Emperor cultivated and facilitated the transition between Empire and Church, transforming the dying Beast from a dominantly political to a resolutely religious institution. While Paul had been completely rejected, having lost all of his followers, support, and credibility prior to his death in Rome for his overt animosity to Yahowah, His Towrah, Covenant, People, and Land, within sixty years of committing his jaundiced and mercurial doctrine to writing, Paul was resurrected and seen as plausible, even believable, throughout an Empire that had been deliberately positioned to accept that which was rationally incredulous.

Apart from his devotion to his military and obsession with obliterating Yahuwdah and Yisra’el, Hadrian wasn’t much of a fighter. He surrendered his predecessor’s conquests of Mesopotamia, claiming that the territory was indefensible. He used diplomacy rather than the military with Parthia. He built the massive wall in Britain and others near the Danube and the Rhine to separate the barbarians from the Romans. He maintained peace through the constant threat of war with the now extinct Province of Ieuda serving as Example A.

As will be the case with the Towrahless One, as is the case with the Roman priesthood, as was the situation with Paul, Emperor Hadrian was a homosexual. His closest and most enduring sexual relationship was with Antinous, a beautiful Greek boy. Upon his death from drowning, Hadrian “wept like a woman.” At his request, “the Greeks deified Antinous, and henceforth spoke oracles through him that were composed by Hadrian, himself.” The sullen Emperor even founded the Egyptian city of Antinopolis in his memory. At Hadrian’s direction, the resulting Cult of Antinous became extremely popular in Greece, Egypt, and Rome, serving as yet another means to unify the religions, cultures, and politics, synchronizing these things with Roman authority. It was an act that would foreshadow the development of Christianity – a religion which grew by embracing and integrating the most popular pagan traditions.

Prior to his death, Hadrian designed the largest mausoleum in Rome for himself – a building that was later transformed into a papal fortress: Castel Saint Angelo. Atop his grandiose tomb, Hadrian had a statue of himself erected driving a four-horse chariot that was so enormous, it not only dwarfed those offering tribute, each horse’s eye was bigger than the largest man. So each time we investigate the character of the men who shaped the Beast, we come to see the personality of the Beast that will shape the Tribulation.

The man who devoted most of his life to erecting religious shrines to false gods, who dared rename Yaruwshalaim after himself, who sought to change the name of the Promised Land after soaking it in the blood of the Chosen People, the man who burned Yahowah’s Towrah and outlawed His Covenant, Annual Meetings, and Sabbath, the man who craved Greek philosophy and promoted the pagan demigod, Dionysus, is the man who made Christianity possible. Without Hadrian’s influence, Pauline Christianity would have succumbed to its untenable positions and internal contradictions long before Constantine made it acceptable or Theodosius made it compulsorily.